Donetsk People's Republic

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Донецкая Народная Республика
Donetskaya Narodnaya Respublika

Donetsk Peoples Republic flag.png
Arms of Donetsk People's Republic.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Donetsk
Government Semi-Presidential republic
Language Russian, Ukrainian (official)
President Denis Pushilin
Prime minister Vladimir Pashkov
Population 1,870,000
Currency Russian ruble

The Donetsk People's Republic (DPR) (Cyrillic: DHP) is an independent republic in the former Donetsk Oblast of Ukraine. Until May 2015 the state formed a union together with the Lugansk People's Republic, called Novorossiya or New Russia. After the declaration of independence was adopted in April 2014, the Ukrainian government started a big offensive. On May 11, 2014 referendums were held, with a majority voting for the region's sovereignty.[1]

The country is ruled by the party "Donetsk Republic", which was founded in 2005 and banned by the Ukrainian regime in 2007. Since 2014 it is active again.

Donbas war

See also: Donbas war

During the U.S.-backed Maidan coup many inhabitants of the city wanted to join Russia. In April 2014 the government building of Donetsk was stored by separatist resistance fighters.[2] On April 7, 2014 the resistance declared the independent "Republic of Donetsk".[3] It was only recognized by South Ossetia.[4] Since 2014 the Ukrainian government tried to regain the city.

The Alley of Angels commemorates children killed by Ukrainian shelling of Donetsk during the 8 years of the Donbas war.[5]

Hromadske TV media is one of the most-watched networks in Ukraine. Hromadske is funded by the Dutch and US Embassies in Kyiv, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, the European Endowment for Democracy, and Free Press Unlimited. Silicon Valley oligarch Pierre Omidary was also involved in creating the outlet.[6] Hromadske hosted Ukrainian Nazi journalist Bogdan Boutkevitch[7] during the Maidan coup demanding genocide of ethnic Russians saying Donbas,

"is severely overpopulated with people nobody has any use for. Trust me I know what I am saying. If we take, for example, just Donetsk oblast, there are approximately 4 million inhabitants, at least 1.5 million of them are superfluous. We don't need to "understand" Donbass, we need to understand Ukrainian national interests. Donbass must be exploited as a resource, which it is. I don't claim to have a quick solution recipe, but the most important thing that must be done - no matter how cruel it may sound, there is a certain category of people that MUST BE EXTERMINATED.[8]

In Donetsk region, between the evenings of 18 and 20 February 2022, the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine recorded 2,158 ceasefire violations, including 1,100 explosions. In the previous reporting period, it recorded 591 ceasefire violations in the region. [9]

Battle of Avdiivka

Starting Mid-April 2014 the Donetsk People's Militia captured several towns in the newly proclaimed independent republic;[10][11] including Avdiivka. On July 21, 2014, Maidan regime forces reportedly secured the city from the militia.[12] This claim was repeated the next day.[13] Maidan rfegime forces kept control of Avdiivka, which became a frontline city and frequently shelled.[14][15] According to the OSCE, the area between Avdiivka and neighboring Donetsk Republic-controlled Yasynuvata is one of the hotspots of the Donbas war.[16]

A Ukrainian armed forces missile attack exploded in the city center of Donetsk on March 14, 2022 killing at least 23 civilians.[17]

In March 2016 the Maidan regime forces set up its fortifications in the area "Industrial Zone", until then a buffer zone between the Donetsk People's Republic controlled territories and the Kyiv regime army controlled territory in the eastern part of Avdiivka. This meant that the Donetsk People's Militia no longer had full control of the highway that united their controlled cities Donetsk and Horlivka and that it became more difficult for them to fire at Avdiivka with weapons not prohibited by the Minsk II agreement. Since March 2016 fighting for Avdiivka's "Industrial Zone" greatly intensified.[18]

From January 29, 2017 until February 4, 2017 the city was embroiled in the Battle of Avdiivka which left Avdiivka without electricity and heating for several days.[19][20][21]

Russia-Ukraine war

See also: Russia-Ukraine war

On March 14, 2022, the Ukrainian military attacked Donetsk city center with a cluster bombs, killing at least 20 civilians.[22]

See also

External links


  14. Bloomberg: Ukraine pushes for UN peacekeepers, Ukraine Today (21 April 2015)
    Ukraine crisis: The factory that has been shelled 165 times, BBC News (17 April 2015)
    Civilians Stuck in the Middle of Donbass Horror, Moscow Times (29 July 2015)
  15. Ukraine conflict: Evacuation planned in frontline town of Avdiivka, BBC News (31 January 2017)
  16. Spike In Fighting In Eastern Ukraine Threatens Fragile Cease-Fire, Radio Free Europe (1 April 2016)
  18. Freeze on fire. What happens in Avdiyivka?, Ukrayinska Pravda (31 January 2017)
  19. Violence flares in war-weary Ukraine as US dithers and Russia pounces, The Guardian (14 February 2017)
  20. "An AFP reporter saw the separatists shell the town of about 20,000 people with repeated rounds of Grad multiple rocket systems and artillery fire from the early morning. "Right now, there is no power. We have not resolved problems with heating homes, and the gas pipe has been shattered," local Ukrainian army unit spokeswoman Olena Mokrynchuk told AFP [...] The town's heating is provided by a coke plant that has been heavily damaged by the falling shells. Plant director Musa Magomedov said it would be incredibly difficult to resume gas production were the factory's generators shut down. That would leave Avdiivka without a source of local power and uncertainty about its future." |url=
  21. In Avdiyivka switched to heating mode stable