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Country Donetsk People's Republic
Region Don River Basin (Donbas)
Settled 1938
Population 975,959
Area (sq mi) 138 sq mi
Population density (/sq mi) 7,100/sq mi
Current mayor Oleksandr Lukyanchenko

Donetsk {pron: don-yetsk) is a city in Eastern Europe and capital of the Donetsk People's Republic. It has 976.000 inhabitants. 75% of Donetsk are Russian. Its current mayor is Oleksandr Lukyanchenko.

More than 600,000 residents of the Donbas region have received Russian citizenship since 2014.[1]


Donetsk was first founded in 1869 under the name Yuzovka. From 1924 to 1961 it was named after Communist dictator Joseph Stalin and was called Stalino.

Donbas war

See also: Donbas war

During the U.S.-backed Maidan coup many inhabitants of the city wanted to join Russia. In April 2014 the government building of Donetsk was stormed by separatist resistance fighters.[2] On April 7, 2014 the resistance declared the independent "Republic of Donetsk".[3] It was only recognized by South Ossetia.[4] Since 2014 the Ukrainian government tried to regain the city.

Hromadske TV media is one of the most-watched networks in Ukraine. Hromadske is funded by the Dutch and US Embassies in Kyiv, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency, the European Endowment for Democracy, and Free Press Unlimited. Silicon Valley oligarch Pierre Omidary was also involved in creating the outlet.[5] Hromadske hosted Ukrainian Nazi journalist Bogdan Boutkevitch[6] during the Maidan coup demanding genocide of ethnic Russians saying Donbas,

A Ukrainian armed forces missile attack exploded in the city center of Donetsk on March 12, 2022 killing at least 23 civilians.[7]
"is severely overpopulated with people nobody has any use for. Trust me I know what I am saying. If we take, for example, just Donetsk oblast, there are approximately 4 million inhabitants, at least 1.5 million of them are superfluous. We don't need to "understand" Donbass, we need to understand Ukrainian national interests. Donbass must be exploited as a resource, which it is. I don't claim to have a quick solution recipe, but the most important thing that must be done - no matter how cruel it may sound, there is a certain category of people that MUST BE EXTERMINATED.[8]

In Donetsk region, between the evenings of 18 and 20 February 2022, the OSCE Special Monitoring Mission to Ukraine recorded 2,158 ceasefire violations, including 1,100 explosions. In the previous reporting period, it recorded 591 ceasefire violations in the region. [9]

Russia-Ukraine war

See also: Russia-Ukraine war

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