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Kurdish Jewish family members from the small town of Rowndiz in Iraq, taken in 1905.

A diaspora is the scattering of a people (especially of the Jewish) away from their homeland. The first diaspora scattered Jews across the ancient world after they had been held captive in Babylon in the sixth century BC. The second diaspora was in AD 132 when the Romans destroyed the Jewish state and dispersed the Jewish people to faraway lands. It was during the Diaspora that the Talmud was written. It would take the Jews almost 2,000 years to once again get their nation back.

See also