Evo Morales (born 1959) was the president of Bolivia from January 2006 until November 2019. He has been Bolivia's first indigenous president, and is the leader of the Movement for Socialism (Spanish acronym MAS, for Movimiento al Socialismo) party. He was succeeded by Jeanine Áñez.
In December 2009 Morales won a second term by a landslide, with 64% of the vote, while MAS won a two-thirds majority in Congress. This result allowed him to implement a new constitution granting new rights to indigenous peoples and to strengthen state control over the economy, which conservatives have denounced as socialism similar to that of Hugo Chavez in Venezuela.
In his tenure, Morales nationalized energy companies, mining corporations, and telecommunication firms, leading to a large deficit. His economic policy was based on the politics of Cuba and Venezuela.
Morales supports child labor.
He is strongly in favor of the Indigenism ideology, even renaming Bolivia's official name to "Plurinational State of Bolivia" and using an indigenous flag along with the national one.
Evo Morales demands that Chile cedes part of its territory to Bolivia to have direct sea access since his country lost the War of the Pacific. Bolivia has a lot of royalties in the Chilean ports according to the 1904 Treaty which gave Bolivia free transit and free port rights.
Morales sued Chile in the International Justice Court to obligate Chile to negotiate territorial transfer, however, he lost.
After mass protests over his disputed and even unconstitutional (violation of term limits) presidential re-election in October 2019 and a quasi-ultimatum form the heads of the armed forces and the police, he stepped down on Sunday, November 10. He received political asylum in Mexico.
- see '"Economist report
- Multiple references:
- Bolivia's socialist President Evo Morales resigns amid election fraud allegations
- Bolivia's Morales resigns amid allegations of election fraud, military pressure
- Slattery, Gram (November 14, 2019). How Evo Morales lost control of Bolivia. Reuters. Retrieved November 14, 2019.
- Otis, John (December 5, 2019). Veteran President’s Rift With Bolivian Military Helped Drive His Early Exit. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 5, 2019.
- Multiple references:
- Otis, John (November 11, 2019). Bolivia’s Former President Accepts Asylum Offer, Heads for Mexico. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Sorace, Stephen; Arroyo, Mike (November 11, 2019). Bolivia ex-president Evo Morales says he's headed to Mexico as supporters clash with police, barricade roads. Fox News. Retrieved November 11, 2019.
- Roberts, Katabella (November 12, 2019). Bolivia Crisis: Ex-President Morales Flees to Mexico. The Epoch Times. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Henao, Luis Andres; Valdez, Carlos (November 12, 2019). Evo Morales flees crisis-torn Bolivia after deadly clashes. Associated Press. Retrieved November 12, 2019.
- Slattery, Gram; Machicao, Monica; Ramos, Daniel (November 11, 2019). Bolivia's Morales boards plane to Mexico as protests rage in La Paz. Reuters. Retrieved November 12, 2019.