George D. Herron

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Professor George D. Herron

George Davis Herron(January 21, 1862 – October 9, 1925) was a clergyman, activist, educator, radical[1] proponent of the Social Gospel,[2][3] and prominent advocate of Christian socialism. He and his wife Carrie founded the Rand School of Social Research.

Early life

Herron was born in 1862, in Montezuma, Indiana. He was educated in Ripon College, Wisconsin. Entering the Congregational ministry in 1883, he held pastorates at Lake City, Minnesota, and Burlington, Iowa. (1891–93).


Becoming interested in social questions he wrote (1891), "The Message of Jesus to Men of Wealth," which at once aroused widespread interest, and led to his forming a social crusade by lecturing and preaching in the churches through all parts of the country. Passionate utterance and brilliant thought brought large and rapt audiences. In 1893 he was chosen to the Chair of Applied Christianity of Iowa College, Grinnell, endowed by Mrs. Elizabeth Rand. His views at this time were those of a radical and intense Christian socialism, but as they continually grew more radical and extreme, great opposition was developed in religious circles. In 1901, owing to Dr. Herron's separation from his wife and marriage to the daughter of Mrs. Rand, Carrie, Dr. Herron was deposed from the ministry. Afterwards, he renounced his belief in Christianity as a distinctive religion.[4]

Shortly after his marriage to Carrie the couple moved to Italy, after being pronounced guilty of "immoral and unChristian conduct".[5]


Herron had a good working relationship with President Woodrow Wilson,[6] whom appointed Herron along with William Allen White[7] as emissaries of the United States to meet with Bolshevik leaders at Prinkipo.[8][9]


  • The Message of Jesus to Men of Wealth, (1891)
  • The Larger Christ, (1891)
  • The Call of the Cross, (1892)
  • The New Redemption, (1893)
  • The Christian Society, (1894)
  • The Christian State, (1895)
  • Between Caesar and Jesus, (1899)


External links