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Gershon (Hebrew גֵּרְשֹׁ֕ון, expelled) (b. ca. 2287 AM or 1717 BC) was the firstborn son of Levi and the progenitor of the second-ranking family of the Levites.

Life and family

He was born in Canaan and entered Egypt in 2298 AM (1706 BC).

Position of descendants

In the wilderness

When the Israelites were wandering in the wilderness, the Gershonites had a specific responsibility regarding the transport of the Tabernacle. When the Israelites were in camp, they encamped on the western or rearward end of the Tabernacle. When the Israelites marched, they marched behind the Kohathites and ahead of the Merarites, and carried the coverings and hangings of the Holy Place and the courtyard, with their cords. (Numbers 3:21-26 , Numbers 4:22-28 )[1][2]

In the land

When the Israelites took possession of the land, the Gershonites were alloted thirteen cities in Issacharite, Asherite, and Naphtalite territories, and from the eastern portion of the Manassite territory. (Joshua 21:6 )


  1. Brand C, Draper C, England A, et al., eds. Holman Illustrated Bible Dictionary. Nashville, TN: Holman Bible Publishers, 2003, pp. 640-641
  2. "Kohath, Gershon, and Merari.", n.d. Accessed November 24, 2008.

See also