“Henry B.” González
November 4, 1961 – January 3, 1999
|Preceded by||Paul J. Kilday|
|Succeeded by||Charlie González|
Member of the Texas State Senate
1957 – November 4, 1961
Member of the San Antonio
|Born|| May 3, 1916|
San Antonio, Texas
|Died|| November 28, 2000 (aged 84)|
San Antonio, Texas
|Spouse(s)||Bertha Cuellar González (1917–2017) (married 1940–2000, his death)|
|Children||Eight children, including his congressional successor, Charlie González|
|Alma mater|| San Antonio College|
University of Texas at Austin
St. Mary's University School of Law
Henry Barbosa González (b. Enrique Barbosa González, May 3, 1916 – November 28, 2000), known as Henry B. González, was a Democratic politician who represented Texas's 20th congressional district, based in his native San Antonio, from 1961 to 1999. The downtown San Antonio convention center is named in his honor.
González was the son of Mexican-born parents Genoveva Barbosa and Leonides González (from Durango), who came to Texas during the Mexican Revolution (1910–1920). He attended San Antonio College and the University of Texas at Austin for his bachelor's degree. He obtained the Juris Doctorate from S. Mary's University School of Law in San Antonio. He worked as a probation officer fand served from 1953 to 1956 on the San Antonio City Council. In 1956, he was elected to the Texas Senate, a post he filled until taking his congressional seat in 1961.
In September 1961, U.S. President John F. Kennedy appointed Rep. Paul J. Kilday (1900–1968) of Texas's 20th congressional district to the United States Court of Military Appeals. González entered the special election for the seat in November 1961 and defeated a strong Republican candidate, attorney John William Goode (1923–1994), for whom former U.S. President Dwight D. Eisenhower came to San Antonio to endorse. Mexican film star Cantinflas appeared with then Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson at supermarkets and shopping center to support González, who after that race would never again face a close outcome. He was unopposed for a full term in 1962 and was reelected seventeen times thereafter. He never faced truly serious or well-funded opposition, having been unopposed in 1970, 1974, 1976, 1978, 1982, and 1984. In fact, the 20th was (and remains) so heavily Democratic that González faced Republican opposition only five times.
Earlier in 1963, González became embroiled in a public dispute with Edgar Franklin "Ed" Foreman, Jr., one of the then two Republican members of the Texas delegation to the U.S. House and than a resident of Odessa. When Foreman called him "a communist" and a "pinko", González confronted him. In 1968, when a restaurant patron called him "a communist," González punched the man in his face. He was acquitted of assault after the owner of the establishment dropped charges.
Representing a heavily Hispanic district, González was unlike most other Democrats from the South who were staunch segregationists. He voted for the Civil Rights Acts of 1964, 1968, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
- Danini, Carmina (January 18, 2018). Henry B. Gonzalez's widow dies at 99. My San Antonio. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- Gilbert Garcia, "Castro unlike O'Rourke has much to lose," San Antonio Express-News, March 31, 2017, p. A2.
- Gonzalez, Henry B.. Our Campaigns. Retrieved May 17, 2021.
- Russell, Jan Jarboe (October 1992). The Eternal Challenger. Texas Monthly. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- Marquis, Christopher (November 29, 2000). Henry Gonzalez, 84; Served 37 Years in House. The New York Times. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- H.R. 7152. CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964. ADOPTION OF A RESOLUTION (H. RES. 789) PROVIDING FOR HOUSE APPROVAL OF THE BILL AS AMENDED BY THE SENATE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- TO PASS H.R. 2516, A BILL TO ESTABLISH PENALTIES FOR INTERFERENCE WITH CIVIL RIGHTS. INTERFERENCE WITH A PERSON ENGAGED IN ONE OF THE 8 ACTIVITIES PROTECTED UNDER THIS BILL MUST BE RACIALLY MOTIVATED TO INCUR THE BILL'S PENALTIES.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- TO PASS H.R. 6400, THE 1965 VOTING RIGHTS ACT.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
- AP (March 5, 1987). Articles Of Impeachment Introduced, But Given No Chance Of Passage. Associated Press. Retrieved May 23, 2021.