Jesse Wolcott

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Jesse P. Wolcott
Jesse Wolcott.jpg
Former Chair of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation
From: September 17, 1957 – January 20, 1961
Predecessor Ray M. Gidney
Successor Erle Cocke, Sr.
Former U.S. Representative from Michigan's 1st Congressional District
From: March 4, 1931 – January 3, 1957
Predecessor Louis C. Cranton
Successor Robert J. McIntosh
Information
Party Republican
Spouse(s) Grace Aileen Sullivan
Religion Exact denomination unclear; either Universalist or Congregationalist[1]
Military Service
Allegiance United States
Service Years 1917–1919
Rank Second Lieutenant
Unit 26th Infantry, First Division
Battles/wars World War I

Jesse Paine Wolcott (March 3, 1893 – January 28, 1969) was a Republican from Michigan who represented the 7th congressional district for the state in the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1931 to 1957. He was later the chair of the FDIC under the Eisenhower Administration.

Background

Wolcott was born in Garnder, Massachusetts to Lillie Betsy Paine and William Bradford Wolcott. He graduated in 1915 from the Detroit College of Law, and practiced law until enlisting in the United States Armed Forces when the U.S. became involved in World War I. Participating in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, he was discharged in late July 1919 and continued his practice law.

U.S. House of Representatives

Elected to the House in the 1930 Midterm Elections,[2] Wolcott was re-elected twelve times before retiring in 1956.[3] Throughout his tenure, he would only miss 3.3% of all roll call votes.[4]

Conservatism, civil rights

Largely a conservative who opposed much of the New Deal and Fair Deal programs, Wolcott introduced in 1946 an amendment to limit price controls based on factors such as production and processing, and another amendment to end them on March 31, 1947.[5] Both passed with the staunch support from the majority of Republicans.[6][7] Yet another measure he introduced to terminate food subsidies on December 31 that year also passed.[8]

Wolcott voted for the anti-lynching bills of 1937[9] and 1940 (respectively the Gavagan-Wagner Act and the Gavagan-Fish Act),[10] in addition to an anti-poll tax measure in 1942.[11]

Reece Committee

The poorly conducted investigation of the Select Committee to Investigate Tax-Exempt Foundations and Comparable Organizations during the 82nd Congress (known as the Cox Committee) under the lead of Georgia Democrat segregationist Edward E. Cox promoted calls by committee member B. Carroll Reece for Congress to re-enact the committee.[12] The House did so in late July 1953, and Wolcott joined the majority of Republicans in voting yea.[13]

Wolcott was picked to be on the select committee, joined by Republicans Reece and Angier Goodwin of Massachusetts, who voted against the resolution.[12][13] The two Democrats on the committee were Wayne Hays of Ohio and Gracie Pfost of Idaho. It was known as the Reece Committee, named after its chair. The committee was tasked to investigate subversion among tax-exempt foundations.

While the committee ultimately voted along party lines to approve the final Dodd report, only Reece and Wolcott concurred with the substance, as Goodwin made a separate dissent where he asserted an agreement with the previous Cox Committee report.[12]

References

  1. Witherspoon to Woleske. The Political Graveyard. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  2. MI - District 07 Nov 04, 1930. Our Campaigns. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  3. Candidate - Jesse P. Wolcott. Out Campaigns. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  4. Rep. Jesse Wolcott. GovTrack.us. Retrieved august 8, 2021.
  5. FascinatingPolitics (December 20, 2020). Wartime Price Controls: Economic Restrictions in a State of Emergency. Mad Politics: The Bizarre, Fascinating, and Unknown of American Political History. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  6. HR 6042. AMEND THE EMERGENCY PRICE CONTROL ACT OF 1942, AS AMENDED, AND THE STABILIZATION ACT OF 1942, AS AMENDED. ON SPENCE AMENDMENTS.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  7. TO AMEND HR 6042.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  8. TO AMEND HR 6042.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 12, 2021.
  9. TO PASS H. R. 1507, AN ANTI-LYNCHING BILL.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  10. TO PASS H.R. 801, A BILL TO MAKE LYNCHING A FEDERAL CRIME.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  11. TO PASS H.R. 1024 WHICH DECLARES ILLEGAL THE REQUIREMENT OF A POLL TAX AS A PREREQUISITE FOR VOTING OR REGISTERING TO VOTE FOR PRESIDENT, VICE-PRESIDENT, OR U.S. REPRESENTATIVE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 8, 2021.
  12. 12.0 12.1 12.2 FascinatingPolitics (December 22, 2019). The Reece Committee on Foundations: Conspiratorial Nonsense or an Expose of a Threat to the Nation?. Mad Politics: The Bizarre, Fascinating, and Unknown of American Political History. Retrieved August 7, 2021.
  13. 13.0 13.1 H RES 217. RESOLUTION CREATING A SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO CON- DUCT A FULL AND COMPLETE INVESTIGATION AND STUDY OF EDUCA- TIONAL AND PHILANTHROPIC FOUNDATIONS AND OTHER COMPARABLE ORGANIZATIONS WHICH ARE EXEMPT FROM FED. INCOME TAXATION.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved August 8, 2021.

External links

  • Profile at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
  • Profile at Find a Grave