John Ruskin (February 8, 1819 – January 20, 1900) was an artist, author and poet during the Victorian era. Born and raised in London, he was an only child who was homeschooled. He began a passion for poetry, earning him the Newdigate prize at the University of Oxford. Ruskin had an enormous influence on nineteenth century English culture. He published poetry, children's fantasy, and books and essays on geology, botany, church politics, political economy, painting, sculpture, literature, architecture, art education, myth, and aesthetics.