National Rally (France)
|Party leader||Marine Le Pen|
|Political position|| Fiscal: Protectionism (current), Free market (historically)|
Social: Moderate (current), Conservative (historically)
|International affiliation||Movement for a Europe of Nations and Freedom|
|Color(s)||Blue, white, red|
The National Rally (formerly known as National Front; Front National in French) is a nationalistic and Euroskeptic political party in France. Its current leader is Marine Le Pen, daughter of former leader Jean-Marie Le Pen.
The only ideological feature that maintains the party since its foundation is nationalism; their social and economic policies have varied in different periods. Economically the party was already capitalist and socialist, currently being protectionist. Socially, the party has been conservative and progressive, currently being moderate. Marine Le Pen, its leader, supports abortion. Under the management of Marine Le Pen, the party became less radical nationalist, and all its Nazi, fascist and anti-Semite members were expelled. The party has reached out to French Jews, and it has seen increasing support from the military and police.
2014 European Parliament election
2017 presidential election
Le Pen ran in the 2017 presidential election, her second presidential election in a row. United States President Donald Trump called her the strongest of the presidential candidates, particularly on borders and security. British politician and radio talk show host Nigel Farage endorsed Le Pen. By contrast, former U.S. President Barack Obama spoke with pro-EU candidate Emmanuel Macron, who stated that terrorism would be "part of our daily lives for the years to come." After the first round, Obama explicitly endorsed Macron's candidacy.
Left-wing opponents of Le Pen stated that even before the election, Le Pen made a large impact, shifting the political debate in France to the right.
Although Le Pen lost the election with just under 34% of the vote, the election was a victory for her in a sense as it showed that she, her party, and their ideas had entered and were influencing the French mainstream. Soon after the election, it was revealed that even if Le Pen had won, the liberal elite in France would have taken steps to keep her from actually welding power.
2019 European Parliament election
In the 2019 European Parliament elections, the National Rally once again became the largest party in France.
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- Multiple references:
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