Nigel Paul Farage (born 3 April 1964) is a conservative and Euroskeptic British politician and former leader of the UK Independence Party (UKIP) from 2010 to 2016; he also held that position from September 2006 to November 2009. Since 1999, he has been a Member of the European Parliament for South East England and co-chairs the Eurosceptic Europe of Freedom and Direct Democracy group.
Farage's goal, leaving the globalist and socialist European Union, was achieved when the British people voted to leave the EU in a June 23, 2016 referendum. Although the more liberal supporters of Brexit shunned him, he was instrumental in having the referendum held in the first place.
Farage strongly and vocally supported Donald Trump's successfully presidential candidacy. They developed a very strong friendship, and Farage visited Trump several times after the election, and Trump even stated publicly that he would make a good ambassador to the U.S. Farage supports border walls to combat illegal immigration.
Farage was a founding member of UKIP, having left the Conservative Party in 1992 after the signing of the Maastricht Treaty. Having unsuccessfully campaigned in European and Westminster parliamentary elections for UKIP since 1994, he won a seat as MEP for South East England in the 1999 European Parliament Election—the first year the regional list system was used—and was re-elected in 2004 and 2009. Farage describes himself as a libertarian and rejects any suggestion that he is really a Conservative.[Citation Needed]
In September 2006, Farage became the UKIP Leader and led the party through the 2009 European Parliament Election when it received the second highest share of the popular vote, defeating Labour and the Liberal Democrats with over two million votes. He stepped down in November 2009 to concentrate on contesting the Buckingham seat of the Speaker, John Bercow, at the 2010 general election. At the 2010 General Election, Farage failed to unseat Bercow and received only the third highest share of the vote in the constituency. Shortly after the polls opened on 6 May 2010, Farage was injured in an aircraft crash in Northamptonshire. The two-seated PZL-104 Wilga 35A had been towing a pro-UKIP banner when it flipped over and crashed shortly after takeoff. Both Farage and the pilot were hospitalised with non-life-threatening injuries.
In November 2010, Farage successfully stood in the 2010 UKIP leadership contest, following the resignation of its leader, Lord Pearson of Rannoch. Farage was also ranked 41st in the Daily Telegraph's Top 100 most influential right-wingers poll in October 2009, citing his media savvy and his success with UKIP in the European Elections. Farage was ranked 58th in the 2010 list compiled by Iain Dale and Brian Brivati for the Daily Telegraph. In the same list published in 2012, Farage was ranked 17th. Farage has been noted for his passionate eurosceptic speeches in the European Parliament. Farage was one of the key figures of the Brexit campaign. Farage's main opponent in the European Parliament is the socialist elitist liberal Guy Verhofstadt, who is the Brexit negotiator of the European Parliament.
After retiring from the leadership of UKIP, Farage became a conservative talk radio host. He partnered in an effort to split the far-left U.S. state of California into two states, with one of which presumably being a conservative, red state. He noted in 2017 that Conservative Party Prime Minister Theresa May had adopted the exact same political positions as he had a few years earlier. Farage announced in August 2018 that he would return to the frontlines of UK politics to fight the establishment's plans to neutralize Brexit.
- Armstrong, Paul (July 15, 2016). Nigel Farage: Arch-eurosceptic and Brexit 'puppet master'. CNN. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Jamieson, Alastair (June 25, 2016). Brexit Result: Meet the Men Who Took Britain Out of Europe. NBC News. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Wiseman, Oliver (December 9, 2016). Mr. Farage Goes to Washington. Natioal Review. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Stanley, Tim (September 16, 2016). Au revoir Nigel Farage, the Kentish bloke who repainted Britain purple. The Telegraph. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Bloom, Godfrey (July 4, 2016). When we founded Ukip, Brexit was a lost cause. Nigel Farage changed all that. The Telegraph. Retrieved October 4, 2016.
- Farage, Nigel (November 22, 2016). FARAGE: I Am Prepared to Help Britain Work with President Trump. Breitbart. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Hope, Christopher (December 15, 2016). Nigel Farage meets Donald Trump for a third time amid speculation of new role advising on UK/US trade deal. The Telegraph. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Mance, Henry; Brown, John Murray (November 22, 2016). Trump’s Nigel Farage tweet ruffles UK feathers. Financial Times. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Montgomery, Jack (January 9, 2019). Farage Backs Trump’s Wall: ‘I Wish Europe Had Done This Years Ago’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Saunders, Tristram Fane (January 5, 2017). Nigel Farage to host new nightly LBC radio show. The Telegraph. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Donnelly, Tim, CA Assemblyman (March 27, 2017). Nigel Farage, ‘Bad Boys of Brexit’ Join #CalExit. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 27, 2017.
- Merrick, Rob (May 7, 2017). Nigel Farage says Theresa May is winning because she has stolen all his policies. The Independent. Retrieved May 7, 2017.
- Hale, Virginia (August 18, 2018). ‘I’m Back’ – Farage Returns to Frontline to Fight Establishment’s Brexit ‘Sell-Out’. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 18, 2018.
- Multiple references:
- Lane, Oliver JJ (December 4, 2018). Brexit Leader Nigel Farage Quits UKIP, the Party He Led for Nearly a Decade. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Keller, Megan (December 4, 2018). Nigel Farage announces exit from UK Independence Party. The Hill. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- Dallison, Paul (December 4, 2018). Nigel Farage quits UKIP. Politico. Retrieved December 4, 2018.