Nestor Makhno

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Nestor Makhno

Nestor Makhno was a Ukrainian revolutionary who led a revolutionary war for survival against the White Army and the Red Army under the ideals of Anarcho-communism from 1918 to 1920. He believed in the ideal of a 'Soviet' but refused to align with the Red Army, which was trying to consolidate its power over the former Tsarist Empire while fighting the White Counter-revolutionaries.

Makhno created an Anarchist Society in Ukraine and at his peak had millions of people in the area the Anarchists controlled. His army, the Revolutionary Insurrectionary Army of Ukraine, fought against the Central Powers and the White Army. Makhno briefly aligned himself with the Red Army to beat the White Army before being finally crushed by the Red Army under Leon Trotsky. However, under his banner, Anarchism had been put into action in Ukraine and a different type of Society had been created, a model different from both Marxism-Leninism and Capitalism.[1]

Makhno was an Atheist.