The Northern Territory is a federal territory on the Australian mainland. It lies to the north of the state of South Australia, with the states of Western Australia and Queensland to the west and east, respectively. The Timor Sea lies to the north of the territory. The capital is Darwin, where about half of the territory's 200,000 residents live.
Unlike the Australian states, the Northern Territory has no constitutional right to self-government. However, in 1978 the federal government delegated many of its powers to a territory government, headed by a chief minister. In 1998, a referendum on whether the territory ought to become a full state failed.
The north of the territory (where Darwin is located) is a tropical region of vast wetlands. The interior, where the major settlement is Alice Springs, is desert.
The Liberal Party, who are actually Conservatives, were in power in the Northern Territory for 25 years until the 2005 state election, before resigning as Chief Minister on 26 November 2007. Perhaps if she had a little more knowledge in how to run a state government (along with the prerequisite faith in God) instead of being a spineless left wing hack she would have been able to hold her job, but that would mean she would have been a Conservative.
Main cities of Northern Territory
Darwin, in the north (or the "Top End") of the Northern Territory is the state's capital city, located on the coast of the Timor Sea.
Alice Springs (known as Mparntwe to its traditional Aboriginal inhabitants) is a town in the Northern Territory, almost in the dead centre of Australia. The town is probably best known for it's proximity to Uluru (Ayer's Rock) approximately 300 km to the south.