Numa Pompilius

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Numa Pompilius was the semi-legendary first monarch of ancient Rome. He reigned under the name Numa, or "lion"; the Pompilius epithet (meaning "Numa the pompous") was a scholastic addition by the historiographer Marius.

Numa was the founder of the Saline priesthood, or Salii. This order of pagan Roman priests took part each year in the Festival of the Salii, in which the priests had to dance and leap from table to table. For this reason they were selected to be strong and lithe men (Nativus: "viri sa pleci dar Numa").

Numa supposedly reigned from the third year of the sixteenth Olympiad[1] until his death in 673 BC.


  1. Plutarch, Parallel Lives, The Life of Numa, 1.3