Pervez Musharraf (b. Delhi on August 11, 1943) is a former Pakistani dictator who became President of Pakistan, via a coup on October 12, 1999, serving until August 18, 2008. During the U.S led War on terror, he played a big role in sheltering and supporting the Taliban insurgency in Afghanistan.
Musharraf stepped down as Pakistan's military commander on November 28, 2007, giving way to successor Gen. Ashfaq Kayani.
- General Pervez Musharraf, the second of three brothers, was born in Delhi on August 11, 1943. His parents chose to settle in Karachi after the creation of Pakistan. He comes from a middle-class family, his father having worked for the foreign ministry. He spent his early years in Turkey, from 1949 to 1956, owing to his father, the late Syed Musharrafu-ud-din’s deputation in Ankara. He is fluent in Turkish and claims that Kamal Ataturk is his hero. 
- Musharraf began his military career in 1964. He was promoted to the rank of General on 7th October 1998 and appointed Chief of Army Staff. He was given the additional charge of Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee on 9th April 1999 which he relinquished in October 2001. He performed his duties as the Chief Executive of Pakistan from 12 th October 1999 to the time he became President. He is now the COAS and the President of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. After this coup Musharraf fleed into Dubai.
Musharraf is married to Begum Sehba. They have two children, Ayla and Bilal, and both are married. They have two granddaughters from Ayla; a grandson and a granddaughter from Bilal.
Musharraf later went into self-imposed exile in the United Arab Emirates. In December 2019, he was sentenced to death for treason in absentia. The following month, a Pakistani court vacated the sentence.
In a 2017 interview with a Pakistani journalist, Pervez Musharraf stated that Pakistan should kill dissidents living in exile. 
- Gen. Pervez Musharraf
- Biography General Pervez Musharraf
- Multiple references:
- Shah, Saeed; Gillani, Waqar (December 17, 2019). Pakistan Sentences Former Leader Musharraf to Death for Treason. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
- Shahzad, Asif (December 17, 2019). Pakistan sentences former dictator Musharraf to death in absentia. Reuters. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
- Martel, Frances (December 17, 2019). Pakistan Sentences Former President Pervez Musharraf to Death. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 17, 2019.
- Babar, Zaheer (January 13, 2020). Pakistan court overturns death penalty for ex-president. Associated Press. Retrieved January 13, 2020.