Right-wing dictatorship

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A right-wing dictatorship is an authoritarian/dictatorship form of government that mixes big government and low levels of individual freedoms with right-wing policies. Two of the most famous dictatorships in world history include Chile, with a dictator who was more repressive, causing the death of 3,000 people; and Brazil, with five dictators, which was more lenient, leading to death of 400 people.

Right-wing dictators generally have a neoconservative orientation to a big government while still defending the free market and traditional social policies.

In Brazil, where the term "liberal" refers to the economic liberalism, these dictatorships were called "liberal fascism" by leftist students and academics.

Right-wing dictators

Name Country Years
in power
Notes
Miklós Horthy Hungary 1920–1944 Served as Regent of the Kingdom of Hungary, took power after about two years of instability and left-wing revolutions. Horthy was forced to resign by the Nazi German government due to refusing to cooperate with them, including with the Holocaust.
António de Oliveira Salazar Portugal 1932–1968 Prime Minister of Portugal, appointed to the position and ruled as an authoritiarian leader until his Caudillo of Spain, as well as the prime minister for most of his rule. Was deposed after being injured and expected to die.
Francisco Franco Spain 1936–1975 Caudillo of Spain, as well as the prime minister for most of his rule. Gained power during the Spanish Civil War, in which he led the nationalist/conservative/fascist alliance which defeated the republican/liberal/communist faction. Ruled until his death.
Humberto Castelo Branco Brazil 1964–1967 President of Brazil. Gained power in a coup; abolished most opposition; subsequently appointed by congress.
Artur da Costa e Silva Brazil 1967–1969 President of Brazil 1967-1969. Elected in 1966, but centralised power; closed the Congress; banned opposition; suspended free press. Decreed Institutional Act No. 5, described as "the most unconstitutional, anti-democratic, arbitrary, and repressive decree in Brazil's history." (ISBN 1-58322-545-5), p. 167.
Emílio Garrastazu Médici Brazil 1969–1974 President of Brazil. Appointed by congress, but instituted a military government; suppressed press and opposition[1]
Augusto Pinochet Chile 1973–1990 Chairman of military junta 1973-1974; Supreme Head of the Nation 1974; President of Chile 1974-1990. Gained power in a coup; suppressed and exiled opposition; over 3000 "disappearances" and 28,000 tortured.
Ernesto Geisel Brazil 1974-1979 Congress-appointed President of Brazil. The fourth of the military dictators; party and union freedom were still inexistent during his term; had oppositionists like journalist Wladimir Herzog and factory worker Manoel Fiel Filho tortured and murdered.
João Baptista de Oliveira Figueiredo Brazil 1979-1985 Congress-appointed President of Brazil. Society won some democratic measures these years, but there was still a major fraud during 1982 State government elections. His government was responsible for the 1983 bomb in the Riocentro.

References

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