Sylvan Friedman

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Sylvan N. Friedman

Louisiana State Senator for
Natchitoches and Red River parishes
In office
1952–1972
Preceded by Lloyd F. Wheat
Succeeded by Paul Foshee

Louisiana State Representative
for Natchitoches Parish
In office
1944–1952
Preceded by John O. Williams

Arthur C. Watson (two members)

Succeeded by Curtis Boozman

Monnie T. Cheves


Natchitoches Parish Police Jury
In office
1932–1944

Born May 19, 1908
Natchez, Natchitoches Parish

Louisiana, USA

Died March 18, 1979 (aged 70)
Natchitoches, Louisiana
Political party Democrat
Spouse(s) Elizabeth H. Friedman
Relations J. Isaac Friedman (uncle)

Leon Friedman (uncle)

Children Sam Friedman
Occupation Farmer; Rancher
Religion Jewish

Sylvan N. Friedman (May 19, 1908 – March 18, 1979)[1] was a Louisiana politician, a rare Jewish member of both houses of the Louisiana State Legislature. He served from Natchitoches Parish in the state House of Representatives from 1944 to 1952 and then in the state Senate from 1952 until his defeat in 1972.

Background

Friedman was born in rural Natchez in Natchitoches Parish, not to be confused with the larger and better known Natchez, Mississippi. He was a large landowner, a farmer, and a cattleman. He was a president of the Louisiana Cattleman’s Association.[2]

Prior to his legislative service, Friedman was a member of the Natchitoches Parish Police Jury, the equivalent to the county commissionw, in other states, including eight years as the jury president.[3]

During his tenure, Natchitoches Parish in 1939 erected its existing court house in downtown Natchitoches.

Legislative years

In the state House, Friedman and Numa T. Delouche (1888-1965), a Roman Catholic from Cloutierville, filled the Natchitoches Parish seats vacated in 1944 by John O. Williams and Arthur C. Watson, an attorney and bank director who later was chairman of the Louisiana Democratic State Central Committee. In Friedman’s second House term, which began in 1948, Delouche was replaced by Roy Sanders (1904-1976), the principal of Readhimer High School in the Chestnut community north of Black Lake and a leader in the push for adult education in the legislature.[4] When Friedman won election to the Senate, the Friedman and Sanders House seats were taken by two other Democrats, Curtis Boozman (1898-1979).[1] and Monnie Tom Cheves (1902-1988), a member of the Northwestern State University faculty.[5]

As a senator, Friedman served with four governors: Robert F. Kennon, Earl Kemp Long, Jimmie Davis, and John J. McKeithen. During his lengthy career, he was a member of the legislative budget committee. He also served on committees on higher education, finance, and judiciary.[3] Friedman unseated the 28-year-old one-term state Senator Lloyd F. Wheat (born 1923) of Coushatta in Red River Parish in the Democratic primary. At various times, in addition to Natchitoches Parish, he represented Red River, Winn, Grant, and a portion of Rapides parishes.[2]

In 1963, then freshman state Representative Paul Foshee did not seek reelection but instead unsuccessfully challenged Friedman for the Senate seat. In his last term from 1968 to 1972, Friedman and Cecil R. Blair, an Alexandria businessman, represented a since disbanded two-member multi-parish district, which included Grant Parish. Friedman served a term as Senate President Pro Tempore, in which capacity he was the acting governor if the chief executive and the lieutenant governor were both simultaneously out of state. The position made him third in succession to the governorship.[2]

A personal friend of Earl Long, Friedman frequently dined with the governor, eating cornbread, greens, sweet potatoes, and drinking buttermilk in the old Governor's Mansion in Baton Rouge. During Long's tenure, Friedman had a room reserved at the mansion and was a late night "political talking companion."[6]

Friedman lost his bid for a sixth term in the 1971-1972 election cycle, having been eliminated as the third-place candidate in the primary. Former Representative Paul Foshee then defeated state Senator Willard L. Rambo of Georgetown in Grant Parish in the runoff election. Foshee then prevailed against Bob Reese, a Republican opponent in the general election held on February 1, 1972. In 1975, Foshee was unseated by Donald Gene Kelly, a Natchitoches Democratic attorney and horse breeder, who held the seat until 1996.[7]

Friedman was a member of the Southern Regional Education Board. He was a former "Man of the Year" of the Natchitoches Parish Chamber of Commerce.[2] In 1988, Northwestern State University renamed its student center in Friedman’s honor.[3] As a senator, Friedman had been instrumental in obtaining the student center, as well as Prather Coliseum and several campus residential halls and classroom buildings.[2]

Death and legacy

Friedman died at the age of seventy. He was part of a small but influential Jewish community in Natchitoches Parish,[8] one of whose members, the Kaffies, founded the oldest still standing hardware store in Louisiana. A long-time member of Congregation Gemiluth Chassodim in nearby Alexandria, he is interred next to his wife, Elizabeth H. Friedman (October 12, 1912 – July 3, 1969), at the Jewish Cemetery in Natchitoches. There is an accompanying marker identified as "Infant" Friedman, November 7, 1945.[8] The couple had a surviving son, Sam Friedman, a businessman and attorney who in 2009 reopened the Roosevelt Hotel in New Orleans.[9] Friedman had a namesake nephew, Sylvan I. Friedman, of New Orleans, son of Friedman's brother, Harry Friedman, Sr.

Leon Friedman (1886-1948), a native of Natchez, Louisiana, and probably the uncle of Sylvan Friedman, served in the Louisiana House from Natchitoches Parish from 1932 to 1940.[5]

Sylvan Friedman was not the first or second Jewish legislator from Natchitoches Parish. Much earlier, Leopold Caspari (1830-1915), who in 1884 pushed successfully for the creation of Northwestern State University, also served in both houses of the legislature, nonconsecutively between 1884 and 1914.[10] Prior to Friedman's death, Arnold Jack Rosenthal, a Jewish lawyer and businessman in Alexandria, with maternal roots in Natchitoches, served as his city's last finance and utilities commissioner.

In 2006, Friedman was posthumously inducted into the Louisiana Political Museum and Hall of Fame in Winnfield. Two years later, another District 31 state senator, Don Kelly, who served from 1976 to 1996, was named to this same Hall of Fame. As was customary for the organization, cartoonist Pap Dean, prepared a caricature of the late Natchitoches lawmaker.[3]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Social Security Death Index. ssdi.rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved on September 8, 2009; under pay wall.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Northwestern State University: Friedman Student Union. facilityuse.nsula.edu. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Political Hall of Fame: Sylvan Friedman. lapoliticalmuseum.com. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  4. Roy Sanders. Winn Parish Enterprise News-American retrieved from Findagrave.com (December 29, 1976). Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Membership in the Louisiana House of Representatives, 1812-2020 (Natchitoches Parish). Louisana House of Representatives. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  6. James Ronald Skains. Governor Kathleen Blanco heads list for [2006 Hall of Fame induction]. The Piney Woods.com. Retrieved on September 18, 2009; no longer on-line.
  7. Membership of the Louisiana State Senate, 1880-Present. Louisiana State Senate. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  8. 8.0 8.1 Jewish Cemetery, Natchitoches, Louisiana. rootsweb.ancestry.com. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  9. Paul F. Stahls, Jr. (July–August 2009). Roosevelt Returns: This downtown New Orleans hotel has a long and colorful past -- and future. myneworleans.com. Retrieved on November 12, 2019.
  10. Caspari, Leopold. Louisiana Historical Association: A Dictionary of Louisiana Biography (lahistory.org). Retrieved on November 12, 2019.