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Flag of Tuvalu.png
Arms of Tuvalu.png
Flag Coat of Arms
Capital Funafuti
Government Constitutional Monarchy
Language English, Tuvaluan (official)
Monarch Queen Elizabeth II
Prime minister Enele Sopoaga
Area 10 sq. miles
Population 2012 10,837
GDP 2010 $36 million
GDP per capita $3,400
Currency Tuvaluan dollar, Australian dollar

Tuvalu is an island nation of the South Pacific Ocean. Formerly known as the Ellice Islands (part of the British territory of the Gilbert and Ellice Islands), it gained independence in 1978. Tuvalu has an area of 10 square miles (26 km2) and a population of around 10,000. The capital is Funafuti. It is a monarchy with Queen Elizabeth 2 as its head of state. It is the subject of a liberal conspiracy theory regarding the global warming hoax, which alleges that climate change is causing the small nation to sink. This pseudoscience was spread on Wikipedia, among other unreliable websites.