|King Charles III|
King of England
|Assumed office |
September 8, 2022
|Preceded by||Queen Elizabeth II|
April 9, 2021 – September 8, 2022
|Preceded by||Prince Philip|
|Born|| Charles Philip Arthur George |
November 14, 1948 (age 74)
Buckingham Palace, United Kingdom
|Spouse(s)|| Diana (m. 1981, div. 1996)
Camilla Parker Bowles (m. 2005)
King Charles III or KC3, (November 14, 1948 at Buckingham Palace in London) is the King of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and other Commonwealth realms. He is the eldest son of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, and spent most of his life as heir apparent to the British throne (and to the thrones of the 14 other Commonwealth realms). Prior to becoming king, he held the titles Prince of Wales, Duke of Cornwall, Duke of Rothesay, Earl of Chester, Earl of Carrick, and Baron of Renfrew.
Charles married Lady Diana Spencer in 1981, and the couple had two children, Prince William (now Prince of Wales) in 1982, and Prince Henry (called Harry), formerly Duke of Sussex, in 1984. Charles and Diana were divorced in 1996, and the then-Prince was married to Camilla Parker Bowles in 2005. He has five grandchildren, three through Prince William: Prince George of Wales (born 2013), Princess Charlotte of Wales (born 2015), and Prince Louis of Wales (born 2018). And Harry: Archie Mountbatten-Windsor (born 2019) and Lilibet Mountbatten-Windsor (born 2021).
Charles Philip Arthur George Mountbatten-Windsor was born at Buckingham Palace in London, England, on November 14, 1948, during the reign of his grandfather, King George VI. With his mother, then Princess Elizabeth, already George VI's heir, Charles was automatically second-in-line to the throne, being the first son born to his parents. Upon the king's death in February 1952, Charles' mother became Queen Elizabeth II, and he became the heir apparent.
Charles was initially privately educated in the Palace, later attending London's preparatory Hill House School and, as an adolescent, Gordonstoun School in Scotland, where his father, Prince Philip, had previously been a pupil. Having wanted to attend Eton College instead, Charles disparaged Gordonstoun afterwards, but later in life described it in more favorable terms. In 1967, he entered the University of Cambridge, graduating in 1970 with a Bachelor of Arts degree; Charles was the first heir apparent in Britain to graduate from university.
Prince of Wales
Shortly before his 21st birthday in 1969, Charles was crowned as Prince of Wales by his mother at Caernarfon Castle (though he had actually held the title since 1958). From this point on, he began undertaking public official duties associated with the monarchy, regularly attending Welsh national events such as the opening of its legislature, the Senedd, and representing his mother on visits of various Commonwealth countries. Following in his father's footsteps, he entered the Royal Navy in 1971, serving on a series of warships and commanding the minesweeper HMS Bronington before retiring from active service in December 1976. He also entered the Royal Air Force, qualifying as a helicopter pilot. Charles was briefly considered for the position of Governor-General of Australia in the mid-1970s, though nothing came of this.
Reign as king
Charles III ascended to the rank of King of the United Kingdom and the 14 other Commonwealth realms after his mother, Queen Elizabeth II, passed away at Balmoral aged 96 on September 8, 2022. At 73, Charles is the oldest person to ascend to the Throne, beating the previous record holder William IV who became king at age 64 in 1830. He was also the longest-serving heir apparent to the British Throne.
On May 6, 2023, Charles III was officially crowned as King, and became the 40th British monarch to be crowned at Westminster Abbey. In what was described as a 'potentially significant' snub to the Special Relationship between the UK and USA, the left-wing self-proclaimed US President Joe Biden turned down an invitation to attent the coronation of Charles and Camilla. The conservative 45th President of the United States Donald Trump, who had good relations with Charles as Prince of Wales, described the move as "disrespectful" and commented that Biden would probably be "sleeping in Delaware" on the day of the coronation.