United States Postal Service
The United States Postal Service (USPS) is a government corporation responsible for providing mail delivery to individuals and businesses within the United States. Americans often refer to it as the "Post Office" (it took its current name in the 1970's, though the name still technically refers to an individual USPS location and is still used in marketing). Its creation was specifically authorized by the Constitution and it has the ability (through the Postal Regulatory Commission) to regulate the provision of all mail services in the US. Currently, the USPS has a monopoly on "first-class mail" (common mail such as letters and bills). This monopoly has come under fire, especially as the Postal Service has posted severe financial losses and raised rates as a result of the increasing cost of employee benefits.
"The U.S. Post Office is the only entity allowed by federal law to deliver first class mail to your mailbox. In fact, Fedex and UPS are strictly prohibited from delivering "non-urgent" letters".
The USPS is part of the core infrastructure of America. For example, the USPS, along with UPS and Fedex, are part of the modern Just in Time food distribution system used by companies like Wal-Mart, Costco and Amazon.com, which includes transportation (trucks, ships, railroad, and airplanes), warehousing, and retail facilities which move food from the food production system to consumers. Without the USPS infrastructure such modern retail and online commerce would not be possible or cost effective.
The USPS has a large number of support staff (custodians, office workers, computer operators, mechanics ) in addition to the operations staff who are directly responsible for collecting, sorting, distributing and delivering the mail
- Mail is delivered by City and Rural Carriers
- Mail is sorted by Mail Handler and Mail Processing Clerks
- Mail is distributed by Motor Vehicle or Tractor-trailer Operator (driver). Distribution in this case means transportation between post offices or mail processing centers.
- There are also clerks at smaller Post Offices who perform a mixture of duties.
Mail is handled according to a category, such as general letter, media mail, postcard or package. Each category has restrictions on content, weight, dimensions and is charged accordingly. Although the USPS Inspector General checks scales and other measuring devices for accuracy, federally owned post offices are exempt from the state inspections that private companies are subject to. Private companies' measuring devices are typically inspected regularly by an internal department within the company and at least once a year by individual states' bureau of weights and measures, often a division of that state's department of agriculture.
- Fedex and UPS
- Supply chain and Just in Time distribution system
- Wal-Mart and Costco
- Food distribution system: Transportation (trucks, ships, railroad, and airplanes), warehousing (such as Amazon.com, Costco), and retail facilities (such as Wal-Mart) which move food from the food production system to consumers.
- Systems of support
- "Article I, Section 8, Clause 7". The U.S. Constitution. Accessed 15 January 2010.
- Cooper, Rory. Obamacare: The “Post Office” of Health Care Plans. Heritage Foundation. 11 August 2009. Accessed 15 January 2010.
- Hawkins, John. Our Health Care System Is Going To Be Like The Post Office?. Right Wing News. 12 August 2009. Accessed 15 January 2010.