Civil liberties

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Civil liberties concern basic rights and freedoms that are guaranteed in a democratic society. The constitutions of many democracies have bills of rights that describe basic liberties and rights. Civil liberties guarantee a person against government interference except when a person affects other people by exercising his/her liberties. Then the courts of law in a democratic country interpret the limits of civil liberties.[1]

In the United States these are explicitly identified in the Bill of Rights[2] and the Constitution[3] or interpreted through the courts and law makers. In most cases, the Bill of Rights was established in direct response to the tyranny of King George III. U.S. Civil liberties include but are not limited to:

  • First Amendment's the freedom of speech
  • First Amendment's the freedom of religion
  • First Amendment's the freedom of assembly
  • First Amendment's the freedom of association
  • Second Amendment's right to keep and bear arms
  • Second Amendment's right to form a militia
  • Third Amendment's right to refuse the quartering of soldiers in peacetime
  • Fourth Amendment's right to privacy
  • the right of access to information
  • Fifth Amendment's right to a fair court trial
  • Fifth Amendment's protection against double jeopardy
  • Fifth Amendment's protection against self-incrimination
  • Sixth Amendment's right to a speedy trial in criminal law
  • Seventh Amendment's right to a trial by jury in common law
  • Eighth Amendment's right against unreasonable bail
  • Thirteenth Amendment's right not to be owned
  • Fourteenth Amendment's right to be considered a citizen of the United States, provided you were born here
  • The right of ALL citizens to vote by the Fifteenth, Nineteenth and Twenty-Sixth Amendments

See also