Daylight Savings Time

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-- DISCLAMER-- The original author of this article DETESTS springing forward the clocks and looks forward to the ABOLITION of Daylight "Savings" Time. Please check this article for personal opinion, thank you!'. (Discuss)

"Daylight Savings Time", "Daylight Saving Time", or abbreviated: " (DST)", is the practice of setting clocks forward one hour from standard time for the summer months, and back one hour for the winter months (vise-versa for the Southern Hemisphere). [1]

Changing the clocks does not create extra daylight but instead shifts the time of sunrise and sunsets. This time change can cause disruptions to our to our body clock, otherwise known as the circadian rhythm.[2]

Many sources erroneously credit American inventor Benjamin Franklin for first suggesting seasonal time change in a letter written in 1784. In a satirical letter to the editor of the Journal of Paris, entitled “An Economical Project for Diminishing the Cost of Light,” Franklin did suggest that Parisians could economize candle usage by getting people out of bed earlier in the morning. However, it did not involve altering the time displayed by clocks (The integral part of today's Daylight "Saving" Time).

Daylight Savings Time is currently used in over 70 countries worldwide and affects over one billion people every year. The biannual dates for shifting the clocks vary from one country to another. [3]

Daylight Savings Time in the United States of America

Hawaii is the only US state that does not use DST at all.

None of the US Territories observe DST. This includes [[American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, Northern Mariana Islands, the US Minor Outlying Islands, Palmyra Atoll, and the US Virgin Islands.

Arizona, (with some exceptions such as the Navajo reservation), does not use DST. The 1967 DST trial in Arizona provoked so many negative reactions that DST was never again used there. People in Arizona, including many businesses, farming communities, and parents, preferred to remain on Mountain Standard Time throughout the year claiming that DST produced no benefits for them.

All other 48 states who have not exempted themselves currently use DST as allowed in |15 USC Chapter 6, Subchapter Ix: Standard Time. Any state may exempt itself from DST at any time:

"(1) any State that lies entirely within one time zone may by law exempt itself from the provisions of this subsection providing for the advancement of time, but only if that law provides that the entire State
(including all  political subdivisions thereof) shall observe the standard time otherwise applicable during that period, and (2) any State with parts thereof in more than one time zone may by law exempt either 
the entire State as provided in (1) or may exempt the entire area of the State lying within any time zone."
-260a (a) of the Universal Time Act (Title 15, Chapter 6, Subchapter IX) [4][5]

States That Want to Remove DST by Permanently Observing DST All-year-round

According to the National Conference of State Legislatures, 19 states have enacted legislation or passed regulations for permanent DST.[6]

Note: For these bills to become law, the US Congress must first pass a federal law that would allow states to observe DST year-round. This has not happened yet. The current law only allows states to opt out of DST, but not to follow it year-round.

State Year State Law/Legislation Goal
Mississippi 2021 House Bill 1062[7] Permanent DST
Georgia 2021 Senate Bill 100[8] Permanent DST
Montana 2021 Senate Bill 254[9] Permanent DST
Alabama 2021 Senate Bill 388[10] Permanent DST
Minnesota 2021 Chapter 12 amendment[11] Permanent DST
Utah 2021 Senate Bill 59[12] Permanent DST
South Carolina 2020 Act No. 113[13] Permanent DST
Georgia 2020 House Resolution 1240[14] Permanent DST
Idaho 2020 Senate Bill 1267[15] Permanent DST
Wyoming 2020 House Bill 0044[16] Permanent DST
Louisiana 2020 House Bill 132[17] Permanent DST
Delaware 2019 Senate Bill 73[18] Permanent DST
Maine 2019 Legislative Document 885[19] Permanent DST
Oregon 2019 Senate Bill 320[20] Permanent DST
Washington 2019 House Bill 1196[21] Permanent DST
Tennessee 2019 Senate Bill 1100[22] Permanent DST
Arkansas 2019 House Resolution 1034[23] Permanent DST
Florida 2018 Sunshine Protection Act[24] Permanent DST
California 2018 Proposition 7[25] Permanent DST

-From TimeandDate.com, Daylight Saving Time in the USA [26]

See Also

External Links

DST in the United States of America

References

  1. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/dst/ | Time and Date, DST
  2. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/dst/daylight-saving-health.html Negative Health Effects of DST
  3. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/dst/history.html | Time and Date, History of DST
  4. https://www.law.cornell.edu/uscode/text/15/260a
  5. https://uscode.house.gov/view.xhtml?req=granuleid%3AUSC-2012-title15-chapter6-subchapter9&edition=2012
  6. https://www.ncsl.org/research/transportation/daylight-savings-time-state-legislation.aspx#/
  7. https://legiscan.com/MS/bill/HB1062/2021
  8. https://www.legis.ga.gov/api/legislation/document/20212022/198610
  9. https://legiscan.com/MT/bill/SB254/2021
  10. https://legiscan.com/AL/text/SB388/2021
  11. https://www.revisor.mn.gov/laws/2021/1/Session+Law/Chapter/12/
  12. https://le.utah.gov/~2020/bills/static/SB0059.html
  13. https://www.scstatehouse.gov/sess123_2019-2020/bills/11.htm
  14. http://www.legis.ga.gov/legislation/en-US/Display/20192020/HR/1240
  15. https://legislature.idaho.gov/sessioninfo/2020/legislation/S1267/
  16. https://www.wyoleg.gov/Legislation/2020/HB0044
  17. https://www.legis.la.gov/legis/BillInfo.aspx?s=20RS&b=HB132&sbi=y
  18. http://legis.delaware.gov/BillDetail?LegislationId=47353
  19. http://legislature.maine.gov/LawMakerWeb/summary.asp?paper=HP0659&SessionID=13
  20. https://legiscan.com/OR/text/SB320/2019
  21. https://app.leg.wa.gov/billsummary?BillNumber=1196&Year=2019
  22. https://www.billtrack50.com/BillDetail/1057355
  23. https://www.arkleg.state.ar.us/Bills/Detail?ddBienniumSession=2019%2F2019R&measureno=HR1034
  24. https://www.govtrack.us/congress/bills/116/s670/text
  25. https://ballotpedia.org/California_Proposition_7,_Permanent_Daylight_Saving_Time_Measure_(2018)
  26. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/us/daylight-saving-usa.html