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Capital Boise
Nickname The Gem State
Official Language None
Governor Brad Little, R
Senator Mike Crapo, R
(202) 224-6142
Senator James Risch, R
(202) 224-2752
[No contact info]
Population 1,810,000 (2020)
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood July 3, 1890 (43rd)
Flag of Idaho Motto: "Esto Perpetua" (Let it be Perpetual)

Idaho is a state in the USA, becoming the 43rd state to enter the Union on July 3, 1890. It is to the south of Canada, to the north of Nevada, to the west of Montana and to the east of Washington and Oregon. Idaho is known for producing potatoes.

The state Constitution of Idaho, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:

We, the people of the state of Idaho, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, to secure its blessings and promote our common welfare do establish this Constitution.

Elected officials




  • Population: 1.3 million (and about 2.1 million cattle.)
  • Population Density: 15.5 per square mile.
  • Area: 83,437 square miles (rank 13 of 50).
  • Average car insurance cost: $608/yr. (rank 48 of 50).
  • Average home insurance cost: $326/yr. (rank 50 of 50).
  • Average home price in Clearwater County: $112,725
  • Average home price in Idaho County: $109,500
  • Average home price in Kootenai County: $112,849
  • Average home price in Latah County: $118,325 (skewed because of the large number of 120+ acre farms and ranches)
  • Boston T. Party’s State Firearms Laws Ranking (see Essay:State Firearms Laws Ranking) from Boston's Gun Bible: 97%.[1]
  • Per capita income: $23,727 (rank 41 of 50).
  • ACT & SAT Scores Ranking: 15 of 50.[2]

NRA Grades Rankings of the State

What the NRA Grades mean

U.S. Senate

U.S. House of Representatives

Local newspapers






Other Large Employers


List of Major Companies Headquartered in the State

  • Albertsons (now Safeway/Albertsons)
  • Amalgamated Sugar Company
  • Boise Cascade
  • Chelton Flight Systems
  • Coldwater Creek
  • Empire Airlines
  • Hansen-Rice
  • Idahoan Foods
  • King's Discount Stores
  • Micron Technology
  • Native American Services Corp.
  • Pacific Press Publishing Association
  • Salmon Air
  • Simplot
  • Washington Group International
  • WinCo Foods (an employee-owned discount grocery chain that does not accept credit cards)
  • Yellowstone Bear World


Idaho is strongly conservative, with the Republican Party dominating federal and state elections there since achieving statehood.


Idaho County

Much of Idaho is sparsely populated. As an example of the low population density in the West, one can cite Idaho County, Idaho: This one county measures 8,485 square miles-bigger than Connecticut and Rhode Island combined. But it has a population of just 15,400. And of those residents, roughly 3,300 people live in Grangeville, the county seat. Who lives in the rest of the county? There are far more deer and elk than there are people. The population density of the county is 1.8 people per square mile. The county has more than 3 million acres of United States Forest Service land, BLM land, and designated federal wilderness areas.

Idaho Cities Above 6000 Persons

Higher education

Three major universities are located in Idaho. In the city of Moscow, in northwestern Idaho on the border of Washington, is the University of Idaho. Boise State University, located in southwestern Idaho in the city of Boise, is the biggest and most well known University. In the city of Pocatello, Idaho State University can be found. Recently, Boise State University has had great success in NCAA football, winning their first BCS Bowl game in winter of 2006-2007 with their thrilling Fiesta Bowl victory over Oklahoma.[3]

Miscellaneous facts

The capital and largest city of Idaho is Boise.

The state is known as the Gem state.

The name "Idaho" is almost certainly a word made up by lobbyist George Willing, who falsely claimed it was a word in the Shoshone language.[4]

The movie Napoleon Dynamite was set in Idaho, and the Idaho State House of Representatives passed a resolution honoring the movie.[5]

Notable people from Idaho

  • Ezra Pound, a notable Modernist poet, was born in Hailey.


See also