Last modified on July 2, 2024, at 17:42

New Hampshire

New Hampshire
Capital Concord
Nickname The Granite State
Official Language English
Governor Chris Sununu, R
Senator Jeanne Shaheen, D
(202) 224-2841
[no contact info]
Senator Maggie Hassan, D
(202) 224-3324
[no contact info]
Population 1,366,667 (2020)
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood June 21, 1788 (9th)
Flag of New Hampshire Motto: Live Free or Die
A map of New Hampshire.

New Hampshire is an American state, and was one of the first 13 states. It was the 9th state to ratify the Constitution of the United States of America. New Hampshire is best known for holding the first primary election for president in the nation (not a caucus), a position that it maintains every four years. New Hampshire has 4 Electoral College votes and has gone Democrat in every presidential election since 2000, but on July 1, 2024, the St. Anselm College poll showed Trump leading 44-42% over Biden there in the 2024 presidential election.[1]

New Hampshire's largest city is Manchester and its capital is Concord. Its highest point is Mount Washington, the highest point in New England at 6288' (1917m) and one of the windiest places on Earth. A poor performance by a presidential candidate in New Hampshire renders it nearly impossible for him to win the nomination. Donald Trump won its GOP primary by a landslide on January 23, 2024, despite many liberals crossing over to vote for his opponent as New Hampshire allows independents to do.

New Hampshire had a fairly conservative foundation that includes its "Live Free or Die" motto. The state has no personal income tax (one of only nine states not to do so, and one of only two predominantly liberal states lacking such) and no general sales tax. It is the first state to hold primary elections for US Presidential candidates. Recently, it was counted on as a solid center-left state with Democrat majorities in government and the population has more registered Democrats than Republicans. Its electoral votes went to Barack Obama in the 2008 Presidential election and on June 3, 2009, the New Hampshire legislature passed a bill which made it the sixth state to allow gay marriage. However, during the 2010 Midterm Elections, Republicans won the U.S. Senate seat and both House seats, and gained clear majorities in both chambers of the State Legislature from the Democrats.

Dartmouth College, the smallest of the Ivy League universities, is located in Hanover, New Hampshire. Despite its small size, it is a full-scale university, with medicine, engineering and business schools.

The state Constitution of New Hampshire, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:

Every individual has a natural and unalienable right to worship God according to the dictates of his own conscience, and reason; and no subject shall be hurt, molested, or restrained, in his peers on, liberty, or estate, for worshipping God in the manner and season most agreeable to the dictates of his own conscience; or for his religious profession, sentiments, or persuasion; provided he doth not disturb the public peace or disturb others in their religious worship.


New Hampshire is a swing state in presidential elections. By state law, it is the first state in the union to hold its primary election for President of the United States although the Iowa caucuses generally precede it. The village of Dixville Notch, in the north of the state, is traditionally the first community to declare its result in the Presidential Election.

Elected Officials



Notable residents

Portrait of Henry Blair.

See also