|Nickname||The Badger State|
|Governor||Tony Evers, D|
|Senator||Ron Johnson, R |
|Senator||Tammy Baldwin, D |
|Ratification of Constitution/or statehood||May 29, 1848 (30th)|
Wisconsin, the "Badger State", or unofficially "America's Dairyland", was the thirtieth state to enter the union, on May 29, 1848. The capital city of Wisconsin is Madison.
The town of Ripon was the birthplace of the Republican Party in 1854.
The state tree is the sugar maple, the state song is "On Wisconsin", the state flower is the wood violet, the state bird is the American robin, the state animal is the badger, the state fossil is the trilobite, and the state fish is the muskellunge.
The state Constitution of Wisconsin, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says:
- We, the people of Wisconsin, grateful to Almighty God for our freedom, in order to secure its blessings, form a more perfect government, insure domestic tranquility and promote the general welfare, do establish this constitution.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Prior to U.S. independence
- 1.2 U.S. territory
- 1.3 Statehood
- 1.4 Political history
- 1.4.1 Birthplace of the Republican Party
- 1.4.2 Wisconsin Progressivism
- 1.4.3 Conservatism in Wisconsin
- 1.4.4 Scott Walker and the conservative surge
- 1.4.5 Socialism
- 1.4.6 Marxist insurrection and the Biden Putsch
- 1.4.7 2020 voter fraud
- 2 Economy
- 3 Elected Officials
- 4 Sports in Wisconsin
- 5 Abortion in Wisconsin
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Prior to U.S. independence
The first people believed to have inhabited Wisconsin are called "Paleo-Indians", adaptable communities believed by those who accept evolution to have lived around 12,500 to 8,000 years ago, although evidence strongly points to a more recent timeframe. In the centuries surrounding the life of Christ, the natives began to domesticate and build great mounds—culminating in the Effigy Mounds culture during the Early Middle Ages. Around AD 1000, a new people and a relatively advanced culture, the Middle Mississippian culture, penetrated the area, emigrating from ceremonial city of Cahokia, which is estimated to have had tens-of-thousands of inhabitants. They built several communities in Wisconsin, which was at the far north of their reach, and they lasted until about AD 1200. After European settlers started advancing inward, numerous native peoples moved westward, many of them settling in Wisconsin.
Europeans began exploring Wisconsin around the 1620s-30s, with Etienne Brule widely believed to have been the first European explorer to visit in 1622, although the authenticity of the account is disputed. Wisconsin was under French influence until 1760, when the British took over. The fur trade dominated economic activity in Wisconsin during the colonial period, where Europeans sold various items to the natives for beaver skins.
On July 13, 1787, the Northwest Ordinance was adopted by the American Second Continental Congress, which created a provisional government over the land northwest of the Ohio River, including present-day Wisconsin. Slavery was prohibited in this territory. Wisconsin only saw one conflict on its territory during the War of 1812 at Fort Shelby on St. Feriole Island at Prairie du Chien in 1814. Several battles of the 1832 Black Hawk War, including the Battle of Wisconsin Heights, were fought in Wisconsin. The first territorial capital was Belmont, located about thirty miles from Dubuque, Iowa.
During the first half of the 19th Century, natives lost control over Wisconsin land and whites settled the land. A major survey of Wisconsin began in 1832 in order to measure and subdivide the land, and this would not be complete until 1866. On July 4, 1836, due to sufficient population growth, Wisconsin Territory was formed, created out of Michigan Territory.
Wisconsin enjoyed a lead mining boom in the 1830s and 40s until the California gold rush of 1849 drew many miners away. It was a mining state before it became a predominantly agricultural state. Metallic lead could be picked up from the ground without digging. Cornish miners (from Britain) were some of the earliest European settlers of the state.
In 1846, Wisconsin voters passed a referendum to become a U.S. state. A constitutional convention met in Madison, Wisconsin, drafting a very "advanced and progressive" constitution in December 1846 that included several controversial measures, such as allowing immigrants who applied for citizenship to vote and black suffrage. The proposed constitution was defeated in an April 1847 referendum, and a new convention drafted "a more acceptable and moderate" constitution, which was accepted by the voters in March 1848. Wisconsin was admitted into the Union as the 30th state on May 29, 1848.
Prior to the Civil War, Wisconsin was an important stop on the Underground Railroad. "Wisconsin soldiers fought in every major battle of the Civil War," with the Iron Brigade being the most well-known unit from the state.
Between 1840 and 1880, Wisconsin was considered "America's breadbasket", with 1/6th of all wheat grown in the U.S. coming from the state. However, by the end of the 19th Century, dairy farming was becoming prevalent, with mainly German and Scandinavian immigrants taking up the industry. By 1915, Wisconsin produced the most butter and cheese out of every other state. In addition, skilled manufacturing became prevalent in the state. The state also had a major logging industry during the late 19th and early 20th Centuries.
In 1889, the Wisconsin legislature enacted the Bennett Law, which required that schools use only English in classes and enacted several schooling regulations. Propoents of the law hoped it would help German immigrants assimilate into American culture and society, but the law provoked a backlash from Germans and other ethnic groups against the GOP, which had supported the law. In the next elections, Republicans were voted out and the law was eventually repealed. Despite this, German schools, which had once only taught in German, started also using English in teaching. Similar assimilation attempts were attempted in regards with Native Americans between the late 19th Century through the 1920s.
Wisconsin has an interesting political history that is not easy to define. Prominent political leaders from Wisconsin have come from all sides of the political spectrum, from staunch conservatives like Scott Walker to Socialists like Victor Berger. The Republican Party dominated Wisconsin politics from the party's formation until the Great Depression, but both Republicans and Democrats have performed well in Wisconsin, especially since the Depression. It is often considered a swing state.
Birthplace of the Republican Party
When the 1854 Kansas-Nebraska bill, which became law that same year, was proposed, it met very strong opposition in Wisconsin, regardless of one's political affiliation. Numerous meeting were held against the bill, and in one of them held in Ripon, Wisconsin on March 20, 1854, political leaders under the leadership of lawyer Alvan E. Bovay proposed the creation of a new political party. Other similar meetings also supported creating a new party, and "in July of 1854, a convention was held in Madison to organize the new party"—the Republican Party. Ripon is thus considered by many to be birthplace of the party. From the beginning, the Republican Party performed very well in the state.
Beginning around the turn of the 20th Century, the ideology of Progressivism became prominent in Wisconsin politics, with Progressivists taking control of the Republican Party, which was dominant in state politics, around 1900. While Republican Wisconsin governor and senator Robert M. La Follette led the movement on the state and national level, there were numerous other Progressivist leaders in Wisconsin, including governor James Davidson. Progressivists enacted much legislation during this time, including the first state to hold open primaries and pass the income tax. Progressive legislation massively increased the size and scope of the government on both the state and federal level. Despite the successes of Progressivism, numerous people, including within the Republican Party, disagreed with Progressivist policies, although for differing reasons. The "Wisconsin Idea" was developed during this time.
During the Great Depression in the 1930s, Progressivists continued to enact legislation in Wisconsin that expanded government programs and power, this time under the leadership of Robert La Follette's two sons, Robert La Follette Jr. and Phil La Follette. In 1934, Progressivist Republicans, who were dissatisfied with the conservatism of both the GOP and the Democrats, split from the GOP and formed the Wisconsin Progressive Party. The party performed very well in the succeeding elections at first, capturing the governorship and state legislature, and was able to enact a "Little New Deal". However, the party eventually lost support and was dissolved in 1946.
Conservatism in Wisconsin
While Wisconsin is notable for its left-wing Progressivist and Socialist movements, numerous prominent conservatives also came from the state. Among them is the abolitionist Carl Schurz who served as Lieutenant Governor and a general in the American Civil War, fighting in the Battle of Gettysburg, Second Battle of Bull Run, and other major battles. Another is Joseph McCarthy, who served as a counterintelligence officers in the Pacific during World War II and is notable for his strong anti-communism and his active attempts to uncover Communist subversives in the U.S. government.
Tommy Thompson was another prominent conservative, although he has also been considered a moderate. He was the longest serving governor of Wisconsin from 1987 to 2001, and is famous for reforming the state's welfare system in order to reduce dependence on government, reducing the state's welfare caseload by 93 percent. He also "created the nation's first school choice program" in 1990. Thompson went on to serve 4 years as Secretary of Health and Human Services under President George W. Bush, succeeding fellow-Wisconsinite Donna Shalala who previously served for 8 years.
Scott Walker and the conservative surge
- For further information, see Scott Walker
Despite Thompson's accomplishments, the conservative Scott Walker, who was first elected governor in 2010 has surpassed them. In the 2010 elections, conservative Republicans made large gains in Wisconsin, with Republicans taking control of the state legislature, the U.S. House delegation, and one U.S. Senate seat, all in addition to the governorship.
Walker became a leader of conservatives nationwide when he supported and then signed into law a repeal of most of the collective bargaining privileges of most government workers. While liberals and labor unions strong opposed this move, Walker became the first governor to survive a recall election in 2012. The GOP continued to make major gains, including in the 2016 elections, when Donald Trump became the first Republican since 1984 to win the state, among other GOP victories.
Walker and the other conservative Republicans made major changes in other areas, including abortion, gun rights, and fiscal conservatism. Walker lost re-election in 2018 to Democrat Tony Evers.
While Progressivists supported government intervention in the economy and society, the leftist Socialists, who dominated especially in Milwaukee around the same time, were more extreme, supporting the total replacement of capitalism with a very expansive government, as well as "a planned economy of state-owned industries." While there was socialist political activity for years prior, "the first formal manifestation of Socialism in Milwaukee came with the establishment of the Social-Democratic Party in 1897," which eventually became the Socialist Party of America. The party was led by Victor Berger, who in 1910 became the first Socialist Party candidate elected to the U.S. House of Representatives. In that same election, the Socialist Party took complete control over Milwaukee city and county. While the Socialists, including Berger and Milwaukee mayor Emil Seidel, were defeated in the 1912 election, Socialists were soon elected again and would continue to play a prominent but reduced role in Milwaukee politics for several decades.
Due to their emphasis on the basics of municipal service, Milwaukee Socialists were often called "sewer socialists". The last Socialist mayor in Milwaukee was Frank P. Zeidler, who was mayor from 1948 to 1960.
Marxist insurrection and the Biden Putsch
In June 2020 during the Marxist insurrection Socialists pulled down the statue of Col. Christian Heg, an abolitionist who fell in the Battle of Chickamauga. Tim Carpenter, a gay progressive Democrat state senator, was punched in the eye, kicked in the head, neck, and ribs, left with a possible concussion by a group of 8-10 socialists for attempting to video record the vandalism. Carpenter tried to tell the mindless leftwing thugs, "I'm on your side.". Four weeks into the nationwide riots, not a single Democrat at the federal, state, or local level condemned the leftist violence and attacks on innocent people.
A licensed physical therapist and a school social worker were arrested in the attack. The school social worker's profile on the school website said that she helps “students and families who are struggling with social-emotional needs, behavioral issues, or environmental issues in the family, school and/or community.” The Progressive defund police movement calls for reducing police brutality by replacing police with more social workers.
Racist BLM thugs shot at and viciously assaulted black police officer Joseph Mensah and his girlfriend at the latter's home (which was also vandalized by the punks while there were children inside) in Wauwatosa, Wisconsin before the punks were dispersed by Wauwatosa police and neighboring police departments. Wauwatosa mayor Dennis McBride declared in a press release that any of the punks that are identified as being involved in the riot will be arrested, charged and prosecuted.
Riots arose in Kenosha, Wisconsin over an officer-involved shooting of a black man. Police scanner audio indicates a woman called 911 to report Jacob Blake was at her home and wasn’t supposed to be, and had stolen her keys. Responding police were made aware of Blake’s arrest warrant for domestic abuse and a felony sex crime. Blake, who was armed, brawled with cops before reaching inside his car and was shot. He survived but the incident sparked mass BLM-inspired deadly violence in Kenosha. Marxist rioters from Chicago were notified by Twittter. The small town police department of Kenosha, unprepared and untrained in riot control, was quickly overwhelmed. The court house, Probation and Parole Dept., car dealers, businesses, and public service vehicles were set on fire. Thugs jumped on police cars, slashed tires, knocked out an officer, and tossed incendiary grenades at the cops. Amidst the violence, one protester accidentally lit herself on fire. BLM leader Shaun King applauded the violence and called for further mayhem. As reported on August 25, 2020, the thugs beat an elder store owner to the point of unconsciousness for defending his property. A conservative reporter had a pistol pointed in his face while covering the riot. The Kenosha Police Dept., which can only field a maximum of 90 officers on the street per shift, asked Democrat Gov. Tony Evers for 750 National Guardsmen. Evers sent 250. President Trump offered to send the additional 500. Evers rejected the offer. Two white BLM terrorists who attacked a 17 year old boy guarding private property were killed.
Primary election tampering
In a lawsuit filed by Democratic party operatives concerned about the CCP pandemic’s effects on voting, federal District Judge William Conley (an Obama appointee) extended the deadline for receipt of mail-in ballots from Tuesday, April 7, 2020 (the primary-election day), to Monday afternoon, April 13. That aspect of the federal district court’s ruling was not in dispute. Judge Conley, however, directed that absentee ballots were eligible to be counted regardless of the date of post mark or otherwise delivered, as long as they came in by the April 13 deadline. In effect, that meant absentee ballots could be cast after in-person primary voting had closed on April 7.
This meant the election could be materially altered by events occurring after formal conclusion of the primary election — not least, news about the apparent election result. To address this problem, Judge Conley further ordered the Wisconsin Election Commission and election inspectors to suppress any report of the voting results until after the new April 13 deadline for the receipt of absentee ballots. Democrat Gov. Tony Evers then banned in person voting in the April 7, 2020 primary. The Wisconsin Supreme Court then ruled Evers exceeded his authority with his Executive Order to cancel elections. The same day SCOTUS ruled to stay a district court order that had extended the absentee voting deadline. As a result, the absentee ballot postmark and in-person return deadlines were reinstated to April 7, 2020. The issue was that authority did not rest with the courts or the governor and there was no time to reschedule. Fake news media, of course, was quick to blame Republicans for the Democrat's lawsuit and the Democratic governor's overreach of executive branch authority. Democrat operative James Carville again stole the spotlight as the most demagogic. The Wisconsin State Journal reported three weeks after the voting that Wisconsin's rate of infection actually declined after in-person voting.
Supreme Court agrees to hear the case
"a federal judge extended the deadline for receiving absentee ballots during the primary election cycle by a period of six days. No one objected to that extension in the early days of state “lockdown” orders to address the outbreak of the COVID 19 virus. But, five days before the scheduled election, the same judge clarified the order to state that ballots postmarked on or before the extended day for receipt of ballots could be counted even though that violated Wisconsin election law which required that they be postmarked no later than Election Day, and no party in the case had asked for the Court to grant the additional relief. The Supreme Court reversed that provision of the district court’s order, writing as follows:
- Nonetheless, five days before the scheduled election, the District Court unilaterally ordered that absentee ballots mailed and postmarked after election day, April 7, still be counted so long as they are received by April 13. Extending the date by which ballots may be cast by voters—not just received by the municipal clerks but cast by voters— for an additional six days after the scheduled election day fundamentally alters the nature of the election… This Court has repeatedly emphasized that lower federal courts should ordinarily not alter the election rules on the eve of an election…. The District Court on its own ordered yet an additional extension, which would allow voters to mail their ballots after election day, which is extraordinary relief and would fundamentally alter the nature of the election by allowing voting for six additional days after the election.
The four liberals on the Court, including the late Justice Ginsburg, dissented from this order and would have allowed votes to be cast and counted after the deadline imposed by state law in Wisconsin, basing their judgment on the complications of the COVID 19 pandemic.So, you can see where the lower court judges are finding their “justification” for rewriting election rules more to the liking of plaintiffs who — in every case I’ve looked at — are Democrat party interest groups."
After Wisconsin's primary vote, Bernie Sanders dropped out of the race, pledging to toe the CCP/DNC party line; however an ABC/Washington Post poll showed 15% of Sanders supporters will support President Trump in the November 2020 general election. Sanders press secretary immediately ripped off the mask, saying in a tweet that she can now drop "Democratic" from explaining why "Democratic Socialism" is good. With Sanders out and the nomination locked up, Barack Hussein Obama still failed to endorse Biden.
Priorities USA Action — the Democratic Party's largest super PAC — spent $6 million on advertisements criticizing President Trump for his response to the coronavirus pandemic. The ads ran in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Florida. The PAC received $3 million in contributions from George Soros's Democracy PAC on Feb. 21, 2020, or 77% of Priorities USA income for the reporting period. Priorities USA said it intends to spend upward of $150 million against Trump in states like Wisconsin and Michigan. Its largest donor has been billionaire hedge fund manager Donald Sussman, who has given the group $8 million this cycle. Soros is the group's second-largest donor at $5 million. In addition, David Brock's American Bridge PAC has assailed Trump's coronavirus response. American Bridge has also been active in Wisconsin, Pennsylvania, and Michigan. Priorities USA aired a digitally altered ad that led to the NBC affiliate airing the ad being sued for defamation when it continued to air the ad after receiving a cease-and-desist order.
2020 voter fraud
Theredelephants reports in Wisconsin, voter turnout matched the record high of 2004. The Wisconsin Elections Commission uses the estimated voting age population as the denominator when calculating statewide voter turnout numbers. According to the Elections Commission, there was a 73 percent turnout in this Wisconsin election.
Turnout was 67 percent in 2016; 70 percent in 2012; 69 percent in 2008; and 73 percent in 2004. Apparently Joe Biden smashed Barack Obama’s 2008 turnout in most places in the country.
In both Michigan and Wisconsin, several vote dumps occurred at approximately 4am on Wednesday morning November 4, 2020 which showed that Joe Biden received almost 100 percent of the votes. President Trump was leading by hundreds of thousands of votes in both states as America went to sleep, and turnout in the state of Wisconsin seems to be particularly impossible.
In Wisconsin on election day before the polls opened, Republicans led Mail-in Ballots requested 43% to 35%, and Mail-in and early in-person ballots returned 43% to 35%. Almost ALL of the ballots found, while most in the country were sleeping, after they officials stated they would stop counting, were for Joe Biden.
Some statistically savvy observers noticed other mathematical flaws, as random numbers in statistics should follow a pattern in their distribution. If the numbers are falsified, it is easy to detect.
Biden had 49,000 votes posted on the City of Milwaukee website as of 4 AM Wednesday and 194,000 votes as of 3 PM Wednesday. 102 wards added more than 500 votes, 16 added more than 1000. State margin 20k 
The increase in Democrats relative to Republicans was significantly higher when the Democrat was doing worse overall in early counting. Within each ward, late votes broke heavily to the Democrat in exactly the races where they are likely to affect the result.
Illegal instructions from the Election Board
In Wisconsin, the law states that ballots returned by a third party absent a witness statement are invalid and not to be counted. Municipal clerks and vote counters across the state filled out witness signatures themselves. Acting on false and unlawful advice from the Wisconsin Elections Commission (WEC), these clerks may have invalidated thousands of absentee votes.
The WEC sent uniform instructions to voters with their mail-in ballots that informed them that “your witness must sign and provide their full address (street number, street name, city) in the Certification of Witness section” and warned that “if any of the required information above is missing, your ballot will not be counted.” However, on October 19, 2020 the WEC sent instructions to clerks that they can simply fill in the witness address themselves so that the ballot would not be invalidated. “Please note that the clerk should attempt to resolve any missing witness address information prior to Election Day if possible, and this can be done through reliable information (personal knowledge, voter registration information, through a phone call with the voter or witness),” WEC wrote. “The witness does not need to appear to add a missing address.”
“The statute is very, very clear,” said retired Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice Michael Gableman, who worked as a poll watcher in Milwaukee on Election Day. “If an absentee ballot does not have a witness address on it, it’s not valid. That ballot is not valid.” The former Wisconsin Supreme Court Justice said the ballots should be invalidated. “In defiance of and direct contradiction to the statute, the Wisconsin Elections Commission gave guidance–that is, cover–to all 72 county clerks and turned the statute on his head,” Gableman said. “They said, ‘Gee, we know the law says an absentee ballot without the witness address is not valid, but county clerk, you have a duty to go ahead and look up on your own the witness’ address if there’s no address on the absentee ballot.”
Anticipating a legal challenge to this seemingly highly unlawful advice, the WEC instructed clerks to write in these witness addresses in red pen so that they would be easy to find during a recount or audit of the vote.
The Republican Party of Wisconsin estimates that thousands of witness addresses may have been changed, thus invalidating the ballots on which they appeared. The statutory remedy for this is to subtract a commensurate number of votes for the candidates for whom those ballots were cast, meaning that vote totals may substantially change.
Evidence shows that the vote totals for Rock County appeared to be switched between President Trump and Joe Biden. 9,516 votes were eliminated from President Trump and moved to Joe Biden. This 19,032 vote difference when corrected would eliminate Biden’s lead in Wisconsin.
Under Wisconsin state law, a voter must present a valid photo ID when requesting to vote by mail. The exception to the rule is for those voters who are currently hospitalized or “indefinitely confined because of age, physical illness, or infirmity.” Covid doesn't meet the qualifications for an "indefinitely confined" voter.
Southwestern Wisconsin is now a less heavily populated agricultural region even though for a while it was the economic center of the state. There remains however more dairy cows than registered voters. The Southeast, which includes Milwaukee and the suburban corridor running south to Chicago, is now the most populous section of the state.
Wisconsin is well known for its dairy industry and is a top producer of cheese in the US.
As of January 3, 2021:
- Sen. Ron Johnson (R)
- Sen. Tammy Baldwin (D)
- Rep. Bryan Steil [R, WI–01]
- Rep. Mark Pocan [D, WI–02]
- Rep. Ron Kind [D, WI–03]
- Rep. Gwen Moore [D, WI–04]
- Rep. Scott Fitzgerald [R, WI–05]
- Rep. Glenn Grothman [R, WI–06]
- Rep. Tom Tiffany [R, WI–07]
- Rep. Mike Gallagher [R, WI–08]
- Governor Tony Evers (D)
- Lt. Governor Mandela Barnes (D)
- Attorney General Josh Kaull (D)
- Secretary of State Doug La Follette (D)
- State Treasurer Sarah Godlewski (D)
Wisconsin's legislative branch consists of a senate and an assembly.
Sports in Wisconsin
Milwaukee is home to two professional sports teams participating at the highest level: the Milwaukee Brewers (MLB) and the Milwaukee Bucks (NBA). The Green Bay Packers (NFL) are one of the league's original and most storied franchises; they are located in the smallest metropolitan area of any professional sports team in the four major sports leagues.
Wisconsin is also home to various college sports programs, most notably the Wisconsin Badgers and the Marquette Golden Eagles.
Abortion in Wisconsin
- There were 9,580 abortions done in the state in 2006, down from 9,817 in 2005. This is the third year in a row that abortions in the Midwestern state have decreased and the number is the lowest since 1974.
- "Wisconsin Right to Life is ecstatic that Wisconsin abortion numbers continue to decline," Barbara Lyons, the group's director, told LifeNews.com in a statement.
- "In addition, the abortion rate (which represents the number of abortions per 1000 women of childbearing age) remains at 8, which is one of the lowest abortion rates in the nation," Lyons added. The national abortion rate is about 15 per 1,000 women.
- In the statement, Wisconsin Right to Life suggests that the abortions are on the decline because of its work and pro-life legislation the state has enacted and polls showing that younger Americans are more pro-life than previous generations. ...
- There are 14 abortions per 100 life births in Wisconsin, lower than the 24 per 100 live births nationwide.
- In 2006, there were 596 abortions on minors. Written consent (usually by a parent) was provided in 530 of these; the patient was an emancipated minor in 24; and a court granted a petition to waive the parental consent requirement in 42. There were no teens who got abortions after being victimized by sexual assault. ...
- Some 85 percent of the abortions were surgical and 15 percent involved abortion drugs, an increase of one percent over 2005.
In 2011, conservative governor Scott Walker signed the Wisconsin state budget into law, which defunded Planned Parenthood, making Wisconsin the fourth state to defund the illegal program. Walker also signed other pro-life bills into law, including one banning abortion after the 20th week of pregnancy.
- Campbell, Henry C. Wisconsin in Three Centuries, 1684-1905 (4 vols., 1906), highly detailed popular history
- James K. Conant. Wisconsin Politics And Government: America's Laboratory of Democracy (2006)
- Richard Current, Wisconsin: A History (2001)
- Larry Gara; A Short History of Wisconsin 1962
- Holmes, Fred L. Wisconsin (5 vols., Chicago, 1946), detailed popular history with many biographies
- Robert C. Nesbit, Wisconsin: A History (rev. ed. 1989)
- Quaife, Milo M. Wisconsin, Its History and Its People, 1634-1924 (4 vols., 1924), detailed popular history & biographies
- Raney, William Francis. Wisconsin: A Story of Progress (1940),
- A. H. Robinson and J. B. Culver, ed., The Atlas of Wisconsin (1974)
- I. Vogeler, Wisconsin: A Geography (1986);
- WPA, Wisconsin: A Guide to the Badger State 1941; detailed guide to every town and city, and cultural history
Detailed scholarly studies
- Anderson, Theodore A. A Century of Banking in Wisconsin (1954)
- Braun, John A Together in Christ: A history of the Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod (2000), 55 pp
- Buenker, John D. The History of Wisconsin. Volume IV The Progressive Era, 1893-1914 (1998), highly detailed history
- Brøndal, Jørn. Ethnic Leadership and Midwestern Politics: Scandinavian Americans and the Progressive Movement in Wisconsin, 1890-1914. University of Illinois Press, 2004 ISBN 0-87732-095-0.
- Bungert, Heike, Cora Lee Kluge, and Robert Ostergren, eds. Wisconsin: German Land and Life. (Madison: Max Kade Institute, 2006. 260 pp. isbn 0-92411-926-8.)
- Butts, Porter. Art in Wisconsin ( Madison, 1936).
- Clark, James I. Education in Wisconsin (1958).
- Cochran, Thomas C. The Pabst Brewing Company (1948), the best history of any brewery
- Mike Corenthal. Illustrated History of Wisconsin Music 1840-1990: 150 Years (1991)
- Richard Nelson Current. History of Wisconsin: The Civil War Era, 1848-1873 (1976) standard state history
- Curti, Merle and Carstensen, Vernon. The University of Wisconsin: A History (2 vols., 1949)
- Curti, Merle. The Making of an American Community A Case Study of Democracy in a Frontier County (1969), in-depth quantitative social history
- Fries, Robert F. Empire in Pine: The Story of Lumbering in Wisconsin, 1830-1900 (1951).
- Paul Geib; "From Mississippi to Milwaukee: A Case Study of the Southern Black Migration to Milwaukee, 1940-1970" The Journal of Negro History, Vol. 83, 1998
- Glad, Paul W. The History of Wisconsin, Volume 5: War, a New Era and Depression, 1914-1940, standard state history
- Haney, Richard C. A History of the Democratic Party of Wisconsin since World War II
- Jensen, Richard. The Winning of the Midwest: Social and Political Conflict, 1888-1896 (1971)
- Lampard, Eric E. The Rise of the Dairy Industry in Wisconsin (1962).
- McBride, Genevieve G. On Wisconsin Women: Working for Their Rights from Settlement to Suffrage
- Herbert F. Margulies; The Decline of the Progressive Movement in Wisconsin, 1890-1920 (1968)
- Merrill, Horace S. William Freeman Vilas: Doctrinaire Democrat (1954) Democratic leader in 1880s and 1890s
- Olson, Frederick I. Milwaukee: At the Gathering of the Waters
- A History of Agriculture in Wisconsin, by Schafer, Joseph (1922)
- Schafer, Joseph. "The Yankee and Teuton in Wisconsin", Wisconsin Magazine of History, Vol. 6, No. 2, Dec. 1922, pp. 125–145, compares Yankee and German settlers
- Still, Bayrd. Milwaukee, the History of a City 1948 online edition
- Thelen, David. Robert M. LaFollette and the Insurgent Spirit 1976.
- Unger, Nancy C. Fighting Bob LaFollette: The Righteous Reformer (2000)
- Wisconsin Electronic Reader full text of many primary source books
- The Badger State: A documentary history of Wisconsin (1979)
- La Follette's Autobiography, a personal narrative of political experiences, 1913
- First Peoples. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- answersingenesis.org and other sources
- Effigy Mounds Culture. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Mississippian Culture and Aztalan. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Iroquois Wars of the 17th Century. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Arrival of the First Europeans. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Colonialism Transforms Indian Life. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The French Fur Trade. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The Northwest Ordinance, 1787. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The War of 1812. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The Black Hawk War. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Belmont Wisconsin town website
- Treaty Councils, from Prairie du Chien to Madeline Island. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Early U.S. Settlement. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The Creation of Wisconsin Territory. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Lead Mining in Southwestern Wisconsin. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
- The State Constitutions of 1846 and 1848. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Wisconsin enters the Union - This Day in History. History.com. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Wisconsin. History.com. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The Iron Brigade, Old Abe and Military Affairs. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- The Rise of Dairy Farming. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- The Rise of Skilled Manufacturing. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
- Logging and Forest Products. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Americanization and the Bennett Law. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Bennett Law. Encyclopedia of Milwaukee. Retrieved Novmeber 23, 2016.
- The Woman's Suffrage Movement. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Vogeler, Ingolf K. & Finley, Robert W. Constitutional framework - Wisconin. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Vogeler, Ingolf K. & Finley, Robert W. Political and economic maturity - Wisconin. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Wisconsin. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Wisconsin. 270towin.com. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- 1848 Presidential General Election Results. uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- 1852 Presidential General Election Results. uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Wisconsin and the Republican Party. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- According to Encyclopedia.com, the date was February 28, 1854 .
- Progressivism and the Wisconsin Idea. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Depression and Unemployment. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Wisconsin Progressive Party. Encyclopedia.com. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Joseph McCarthy. u-s-history.com. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- de Toledano, Ralph (April 25, 2005). The Real McCarthy. The American Conservative. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Walker, Dan (November 7, 2012). After a long career, Tommy makes his political exit. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Tommy Thompson and the Conservative Revolution. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Perlman, Ellen (1997). Tommy G. Thompson. Governing. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Wisconsin: GOP wins Senate, House, gov. seats, ousting Feingold. USA Today (from AP). November 3, 2010. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Stein, Jason & Johnson, Annysa (November 3, 2010). Republicans take over state Senate, Assembly. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
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- Bauer, Scott (November 9, 2016). Republicans build majorities in Legislature. The Charlotte Observer (from AP). Retrieved November 9, 2016.
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- Milwaukee Sewer Socialism. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 23, 2016.
- Frank P. Zeidler — The Last Socialist to Run a Major American City. Wisconsin Historical Society. Retrieved November 24, 2016.
- Multiple references:
- 'Protesters tried to kill me:' Video shows shot fired outside home of Wauwatosa Officer Mensah
- ‘Protesters tried to kill me’: BLM fires shotgun, assaults black cop and his girlfriend at her home
- Mob Reportedly Attacks, Beats Black Police Officer at Girlfriend's Home
- Black Wisconsin officer says protesters ‘tried to kill me’ during physical assault at girlfriend’s home
- BLM Mob Shoots at Black Officer at His Home, Attempt to Assault His Family
- Arrests made after BLM protesters assault, fire shotgun at off-duty officers at their home
- Joseph Mensah: Wisconsin Police Officer Says BLM Protesters ‘Tried to Kill’ Him
- Wisconsin Black Lives Matter ‘Protesters’ Shoot at Home of Black Police Officer’s Girlfriend After Assaulting Them Both
- Two references:
- Moronic Wisconsin Rioter Accidentally Lights Herself on Fire (VIDEO)
- Two references:
- Two references:
- Unhinged Man Points Weapon in Face of Conservative Reporter During Riot
- Steven Ertelt, LifeNews.com (Apr. 9, 2007) https://www.lifenews.com/state2218.html
- Zagorski, Sarah (August 24, 2015). Scott Walker Pushes Bill to De-Fund Planned Parenthood After It Sells Aborted Baby Parts. LifeNews.com. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Scott Walker outlines abortion, gay marriage positions in letter. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (from AP). October 22, 2014. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Stein, Jason (July 20, 2015). Scott Walker signs 20-week abortion ban, trooper pay raise. Milwaukee Journal Sentinel. Retrieved October 21, 2016.
- Official State of Wisconsin website
- Profile at Encyclopædia Britannica
- Profile at Encyclopedia.com
- 2020 election: Wisconsin's Write In and Minority Party problem