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Capital Baltimore
Nickname The Free State
Official Language None
Governor Larry Hogan, R
Senator Chris Van Hollen, D
(202) 224-4654
Senator Ben Cardin, D
(202) 224-4524
Population 6,100,000 (2020)
Ratification of Constitution/or statehood April 28, 1788 (7th)
Flag of Maryland Motto: "Fatti maschii parole femine" (strong deeds, gentle words)

Maryland is bordered to the north by Pennsylvania, to the east by Delaware, to the south by Virginia and the District of Columbia, and to the west by West Virginia. It has a total area of 12,192.97 square miles.[1]

The state Constitution of Maryland, like all of the other 50 states, acknowledges God or our Creator or the Sovereign Ruler of the Universe. It says in the preamble:

We, the People of the State of Maryland, grateful to Almighty God for our civil and religious liberty, and taking into our serious consideration the best means of establishing a good Constitution in this State for the sure foundation and more permanent security thereof, declare:


The Colony of Maryland was established by Lord Baltimore as a haven for Catholics, as England was mostly Protestant. Jews also enjoyed freedom in Maryland. Lord de la War (also one of the possible origins of the name Delaware) was one of Maryland's early leaders.

Maryland won its independence from Britain in the American War for Independence in 1783.

In the 1850s America's parties realigned: Whigs disappeared while Republicans and Democrats struggled over sectionalism and anti-Catholic, anti-immigrant nativism. In the South, including Maryland, sectionalism appealed to rural voters and nativism to urban. Nativism was weaker than in the North because the South attracted fewer immigrants. Nevertheless, the nativist American (Know-Nothing) Party captured the Baltimore government in 1854. The party used patronage and, especially, coercion; its armed forces scared off Democratic voters and forced drunks and immigrants to vote multiple times. The party elected a congressman and governor during its short reign. In 1860 the Democrat-controlled legislature took back the city police, the militia, patronage, and the electoral machinery, and prosecuted some Know-Nothings for electoral fraud. By 1861 the Know-Nothings had split over secession.[2]


The current governor of Maryland is Larry Hogan (R) (2015-present). The capital of Maryland is Annapolis, located in Anne Arundel County. It is subdivided into 23 counties and Baltimore City, which, as an independent city, is in many respects the 24th county.[3]

Elected Officials




See also


  2. Frank Towers, The Urban South and the Coming of the Civil War (2004) covers Baltimore.