|Religion||Christian- Presbyterian |
|Founding Documents||Declaration of Independence|
George Taylor (1716 – February 23, 1781) is an American Founding Father. He was an Ironmaster and iron production was his principal concern all of his life. He would be elected to the Provincial Assembly. He would be a member of the Committee of Correspondence and the Committee of Safety. George Taylor became a Pennsylvania delegate in the Continental Congress that signed the Declaration of Independence. Also, he was elected to the new Supreme Council of Pennsylvania.
Life and career
George Taylor was born in Ireland, the son of a clergyman. He received an education in medicine but abandoned his studies and emigrated to America at age twenty. To pay his way across the Atlantic Taylor spent several years as an Indentured servant. Taylor worked as a clerk for an iron manufacturer at Durham, in Chester county Pennsylvania. The iron manufacturer owner died several years later and he would marry the widow Ann Taylor Savage. As owner, Taylor formed a partnership with a large ironworks company in Easton, Pennsylvania and he would amass a considerable fortune.
Taylor signed a lease to operate Durham ironworks, owned by Joseph Galloway. Galloway was not pleased that Taylor used his furnace to produce munitions and cannon shot for the Continental Army. Galloway increasingly turned loyalist, and eventually fled to England.
At age forty-seven he would retire and moved to a large estate long the Lehigh River in Northampton County. The George Taylor House in Biery's Port, Catasauqua, is now a national historic site.
Taylor was elected to the Pennsylvania Assembly and reelected five times before losing in 1770. He was elected to the Provincial Assembly in 1775 and oversaw the defense of Pennsylvania by the Committee of Safety. Five of the delegates from Pennsylvania hesitated to vote for independence and George Taylor was chosen as a replacement in the Continental Congress. He did not arrive in time to vote for independence but did sign the Declaration of Independence. He made a treaty in behalf of Congress with several Indian tribes of the Susquehanna. George Taylor would serve in Congress until 1777 and then was elected to the Supreme Council of Pennsylvania. Due to illness, he would resign after just six weeks. There is no record of any public service afterward.
George Taylor died in 1781 at the age of 75.
- George Taylor - The Indentured Servant Who Signed The Declaration
- George Taylor, Georgetaylor.com
- Proceedings and Addresses, Volume 23
- A Synopsis of the Signers of the Declaration of Independence
- George Taylor, USHistory.org