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In economics, Hyperinflation is when an economy's inflation rate increases to very high levels. Hyperinflation refers to increased rates of monetary inflation and price inflation. This hyperinflation historically causes people to rapidly spend their remaining money on tangibles. During a period of hyperinflation, the prices of goods and services rapidly increases as the fiat currency loses actual value.

Any of a large number of threats to the economy (local, national, global) can cause hyperinflation where the economy degrades to the point that it is no longer able to support the individuals and systems which depend on it.

Zimbabwe's hyperinflation

The Government of Zimbabwe's chaotic land reform program, recurrent interference with the judiciary, and maintenance of unrealistic price controls and exchange rates have led to a sharp drop in investor confidence. Since 1999, the national economy has contracted by as much as 35%; inflation vaulted to hyperinflation of over 7,634.8% (year on year) in July 2007; and there have been persistent shortages of foreign exchange, fuel, and food. Direct foreign investment has all but evaporated. In a desperate attempt to control inflation, the government forced firms and supermarkets to reduce prices by half in July 2007, which resulted in severe shortages of basic goods and other commodities.

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