Nobel Prize in Literature
The Nobel Prize in Literature is a prize granted annually to an author who has produced "outstanding work."
Some better-known winners include:
- Eugene O'Neill (1936)
- William Faulkner (1949)
- Ernest Hemingway (1954)
- Albert Camus (1957)
- Boris Pasternak (1958)
- John Steinbeck (1962)
- Jean-Paul Sartre (1964)
- Alexander Solzhenitsyn (1970)
- Gabriel García Márquez (1982)
- Toni Morrison (1993)
Anti-American bias in Literature award
While the United States was well represented among laureates through most of the prize's history, it has been largely ignored in recent years, due to a growing anti-American bias. In 2008, Horace Engdahl, the head of the Swedish Academy, was reported to have said that American novelists would never win the Nobel Prize for Literature, as the American novel was "too isolated and insular."