William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 - July 6, 1962) was a Nobel and Pulitzer prize winning American author. He was a lifelong resident of Mississippi, and its only Nobel laureate, winning the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1949. He was reportedly recommended to the committee by a Swedish journalist who translated American novelists. Prior to winning the famous prize Faulkner's works were mostly out-of-print.
A favorite of liberals in the second half of the 20th century, particularly as mandatory reading for high school students, Faulkner's frequent reliance on the N-word in many of his novels has caused him to be abandoned by many today. Faulkner also lied throughout his life about war injuries he never had.
Faulkner wrote about the fall of Southern aristocracy. Difficult to follow, his works are creative and explore psychological aspects of his characters. The names for his fictional location (Yoknapatawpha County) and individuals are often hard to pronounce. Liberals like Faulkner for his mockery of southern whites, which Faulkner does in the form of stream-of-consciousness in As I Lay Dying.
The Sound and the Fury is considered Faulkner's finest work, which consists of four segments narrating a single day each, three in 1928 and one in 1910. They are written as stream-of-consciousness, one of which was a mentally impaired person. Absalom, Absalom!, another of Faulkner's novels, is considered by liberals to be the greatest southern novel ever written, but it frequently uses the N-word, even gratuitously by characters depicted as enlightened. Conservatives would consider Gone with the Wind to be a finer southern novel. In Faulkner's characteristically bizarre style, his novel Absalom, Absalom! contains the longest sentence in American literature: 1,228 words. (Other very long sentences are in Jonathan Coe’s The Rotter’s Club (a 13,955 word sentence) and James Joyce's Ulysses (a 4,391 word sentence).
As I Lay Dying relies on profanity, includes references to an abortion, and questions the existence of God. It was initially banned for high school students by a Kentucky school board in 1986 for those reasons. Under pressure from the ACLU, the Board voted 4-1 to reverse the ban.
Faulkner eventually married his childhood sweetheart in 1929, after she divorced the man she had married a decade earlier, under pressure from her family.
- As I Lay Dying contains 56,903 words and relatively high use of the passive voice.