Phil Crane

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Phil Crane
Philip Miller Crane.jpg
Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 8th Congressional District
From: January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2005
Predecessor Dan Rostenkowski
Successor Melissa Bean
Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 12th Congressional District
From: January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1993
Predecessor Robert McClory
Successor Jerry Costello
Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 13th Congressional District
From: November 25, 1969 – January 3, 1973
Predecessor Donald Rumsfeld
Successor Robert McClory
Party Republican
Spouse(s) Arlene Catherine Johnson
Religion Protestant

Philip Miller "Phil" Crane (November 3, 1930 – November 8, 2014) was a Republican member of the United States House of Representatives and an important member of the conservative movement.

Crane was first elected to the United States House in a special election in 1969 when Donald Rumsfeld resigned in order to take a place in the Nixon Administration.[1]

Crane was a very important member of the conservative movement during a time when is seemed weak.[2] He founded the Republican Study Committee in the 1970s, which was intended to empower conservative Representatives.[1] In addition, Crane served as the chairman of the American Conservative Union from 1977 to 1979.[1] He was the first Republican to declare his candidacy for president in 1980, thinking that Ronald Reagan would not run.[1] After Reagan did declare his candidacy, Crane withdrew and endorsed Reagan.[1]

Despite Crane's prominent role, as he became older, as younger conservatives took his place in the House, and as his Illinois district became more liberal, his influence faded.[3] He was defeated by Democrat Melissa Bean in 2004.[1] He died on November 8, 2014.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 Langer, Emily (November 10, 2014). Philip M. Crane, Stalwart Illinois Republican and 1980 Presidential Candidate, Dies at 84. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  2. Keene, David (November 10, 2014). Phil Crane, a positive force of modern conservatism. The Washington Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
  3. Longtime Rep. Phil Crane dies at 84. POLITICO (and AP). November 9, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2016.

External links

  • Profile in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress