Radiological dispersal device
A radiological dispersal device (RDD), or dirty bomb, is a bomb designed to disperse radioactive material.
It is generally comprised of non-nuclear explosives with radioactive waste material inside. Such RDDs appeal to terrorists or non-nuclear states because they require limited technical knowledge to build and deploy compared to an explosive nuclear device. The size of the affected area and the level of destruction caused by an RDD would depend on the sophistication and size of the conventional delivery system and other factors. The area affected could be placed off-limits to the public indefinitely during cleanup efforts.
People who walk near the bomb before it explodes would be irradiated. If they get within 1 inch of a bomb containing 500 Ci of cesium-137 for 15 seconds, they would receive a dose of 9.16 Sieverts, which would have a 90% chance of killing the person.
If the bomb was placed in a subway, and people spent 2 hours on it, anyone within 2.5 feet of the device will likely die, and sickness would occur within 12 feet. Cleanup would be very hard. You would have to recover all of the 500 Ci after the explosion. It would likely never be clean again. The death toll would be in the hundreds, the injury toll in the thousands, and the people exposed in the tens of thousands. While no incidents have occurred where it was intentional, the Goiania incident was an accident, and the source's activity was around 1375 Ci. Lots of deaths and injuries resulted from it.
Dirty bomb threats
In November 1995 a “dirty bomb” comprised of high explosives and cesium was uncovered in Moscow’s Ismailovsky Park, and in December 1998 another cache of radioactive material was found attached to an explosive charge near a railroad track in Chechnya. Both devices were disarmed by Russian security forces.
In May 2002 F.B.I. agents arrested Jose Padilla, an American citizen who converted to Islam, as he returned to the United States from a trip that took him to Egypt, Pakistan, and eventually Afghanistan, where, sometime in 1999-2000, he allegedly met with Abu Zubaydah, Osama Bin Laden’s operations chief. According to Zubaydeh, he and Padilla discussed the possibility of Padilla building and detonating a “dirty bomb” inside the U.S.
While Al Qaeda had apparently drafted plans for such a weapon — and in fact had accumulated radioactive medical isotopes for use in a “dirty bomb” (these materials were seized by the U.N. in 2002) — none of this information was shared with Padilla, who arrived in the U.S. with neither a weapon design nor means to accomplish the task. He was tried and convicted, nonetheless.
The device — an air-dropped bomb measuring 12 feet in length and weighing more than a ton — was, according to documents turned over by Iraq to United Nations inspectors, intended to be dropped on troop areas, industrial centers, airports, railroad stations, bridges and “any other areas the command decrees.”
According to the document, the bomb was intended to induce radiation sickness which would “weaken enemy units from the standpoint of health and inflict losses that would be difficult to explain, possibly producing a psychological effect.” Death, the document noted, would occur “within two to six weeks.”
The Iraqis chose zirconium as their radioactive source. The Iraqis had zirconium in quantities due to its use in incendiary weapons. By irradiating zirconium flakes in the Iraqi nuclear reactor located in Tuwaitha, the Iraqis produced the radioactive isotope Zirconium 95, which had a half-life of 75.5 days, meaning the bomb would have to be used soon after it was manufactured.
The weapon was tested three times in 1987, including a final test involving two actual “dirty bombs” dropped by aircraft. The weapons were a bust, loosing their radioactive properties shortly after detonation. In fact, one would need to stand within ten feet of the point of detonation of the bomb to absorb a lethal dose of radiation, something the high explosive charge of the bomb itself made moot.
NATO/Ukraine dirty nukes
- See also: NATO war in Ukraine
Kyiv regime leader Volodymyr Zelensky suggested to world leaders at the Munich Summit on February 9, 2022, two weeks before the Russian special military operation commenced to demilitarize Ukraine, that the regime should obtain nuclear weapons. Reports already indicated that the Zelensky regime was building, or had built, a dirty bomb.
Russian media reported that according to credible sources in various countries - including in Ukraine - the Kyiv regime was preparing a provocation on Ukrainian territory related to the detonation of the so-called "dirty bomb" or low-yield nuclear weapon. The purpose of the provocation is to accuse Russia of using weapons of mass destruction. According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, Volodymyr Zelenskyy has been in contact with the UK "to obtain nuclear weapons technology," Lieutenant-General Igor Kirillov, Chief of the Radiation, Chemical and Biological Protection Troops of the Russian Armed Forces said on October 23, 2022. Gen. Kirillov alleged that the Armed Forces of Ukraine (AFU) plan on using a false flag provocation to detonate a "dirty bomb," a nuclear weapon with explosives, such as dynamite, with radioactive powder or pellets. The provocation was being prepared to subsequently accuse Russia of using weapons of mass destruction. "We have information about the contacts of the office of the President of Ukraine with representatives of Great Britain regarding the possibility to obtain a technology to build nuclear weapons,” Gen. Kirillov said.
The Kyiv regime began evacuating the city of Mykolaiv (Russ: Nikolaev), which is likely ground zero as the Ukrainian regime's nuclear target. A military expert on the Russian television program, Meeting Places said that the AFU already brought to Nikolaev a thermonuclear munition and will be ready to blow it up to provoke a US strike on Russia. The device would consist of several used fuel rods from a Ukrainian nuclear power plant and up to 1000 tons of explosive.
On October 26, 2022 President Putin held a working meeting, via videoconference, with the permanent members of the Security Council of Russia. President Putin noted in that meeting:
|"Some countries have long been using the tactics of blackmail, pressure and intimidation throughout the CIS space. In particular, attempts continue to be made to implement ‘color revolution’ scenarios, methods involving nationalism and extremism are employed, and armed conflicts, which directly threaten the security of all CIS members, are being stoked.
We can see the goals of those who are doing this in Ukraine, which has been made an instrument of US foreign policy. The country has actually lost its sovereignty and is being directly governed by the United States, which is using it as a battering ram against Russia, Belarus, which is a member of our Union State, and the CSTO and the CIS in general.
At the same time, we can see the United States’ real attitude to its client states. Ukraine was almost immediately turned into a testing site for military biological experiments and is being flooded with weapons, including heavy weaponry, without any heed to the Kiev regime’s statements about its desire to obtain nuclear weapons. The Kiev authorities have declared this desire publicly, but everyone keeps silent. We also know about their plans to use a so-called “dirty bomb” as a provocation.
On January 25, 2023 Konstantin Gavrilov, the head of the Russian delegation to the Vienna Negotiations on Military Security and Arms Control, warned: “We know that Leopard 2 tanks, as well as Bradley and Marder armored fighting vehicles, can use depleted uranium shells, which can contaminate terrain, just like it happened in Yugoslavia and Iraq...If Kiev were to be supplied with such munitions for the use in western heavy military hardware, we would regard it as the use of ‘dirty nuclear bombs’ against Russia, with all the consequences that entails.”
- http://radprocalculator.com/Gamma.aspx was used to calculate dose rate.