Religion in Russia

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Orthodox Christianity is the major religion in Russia.[1] Approximately 15-20% of the total population practice Orthodox Christianity.[2][3] Islam is the second largest religion.[1] Approximately 10-15% of the total population are Muslim.[2][3]

The majority of the country's Muslims live in the Volga-Urals region and the North Caucasus.[4] Moscow, St. Petersburg, and parts of Siberia also have large Muslim populations.[4] The country also has a small Jewish population,[1] Approximately 600,000 Jews live in Russia and form 0.4% of the total population;[4] most of them are concentrated in Moscow and St. Petersburg.[4]

It was reported in 2017 that atheism in Russia had fallen by 50% in three years.[5]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Russia: Religion Federal Research Division, Library of Congress
  2. 2.0 2.1 Russia CIA - The World Factbook
  3. 3.0 3.1 Field Listing - Religions CIA - The World Factbook
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 International Religious Freedom Report 2007: Russia United States Department of State
  5. Williams, Thomas D. (July 27, 2017). Report: Atheism in Russia Falls by 50 Percent in Three Years. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 17, 2017.