Antonio López de Santa Anna. Born 1794 Jalapa, Mexico - Died 1876, Mexico City. President-General of Mexico during the Texas War of Independence and Mexican-American War. He was the most conspicuous and continuously active of the military adventurers who filled Mexico with uncertainty during the first two generations of its independence. Some of his contemporaries considered him a hero (His reputation and influence were further strengthened by his critical role in defeating an 1829 Spanish effort to reconquer their former colony).
Although his failure to suppress the Texas revolution enormously discredited him, Santa Anna was able to reestablish much of his authority when he defeated a French invasion force at Vera Cruz in 1838. His personal heroism in battle, which resulted in having several horses shot out from under him and the loss of half of his left leg, became the basis of his subsequent effort to secure his power by creating a cult of personality around himself. Ibidem
He died in obscurity in Mexico City after being in exile in Kingston Jamaica, and Turbaco, Colombia.
Santa Anna was President of Mexico on eleven occasions.
President of Mexico 1833-35
President of Mexico in 1839
President of Mexico 1841-42
President of Mexico in 1843
President of Mexico in 1844
President of Mexico in 1847
President of Mexico 1853-56
Santa Anna married Doña Inés García in 1825 and in 1844, he married Doña María Dolores de Tosta.
- Antonio López de Santa Anna NNDB.
- ANTONIO LÓPEZ DE SANTA ANNA In Spanish.
- Will Fowler. Santa Anna of Mexico (2007) online edition