Types of agnosticism
Below are definitions of the various types of agnosticism.
Weak and strong agnosticism
The proponent of the weaker form of agnosticism does not make a claim to knowledge about existence, but he simply suspends from making a decision. A suspension of decision, in terms of logic, does not have a truth value, and therefore they are not making an argument. The proponent of the stronger form goes a step further and makes a claim to knowledge by saying, I know that the existence of God cannot be known.
Limited agnosticism vs. unlimited agnosticism
According to the website All About Philosophy:
|“||Two other types with respect to the ability to know God are limited and unlimited agnosticism. Limited agnosticism holds that God is partially unknowable. It is possible to know some things, but not everything, about God. Unlimited agnosticism, however, claims that God is completely unknowable. It says that it is impossible to know anything about God.||”|
Norman Geisler on unlimited/complete agnosticism
See also: Agnosticism quotes
|“||Complete agnosticism is self-defeating; it reduces to the self-destructing assertion that "one knows enough about reality in order to affirm that nothing can be known about reality." This statement provides within itself all that is necessary to falsify itself. For if one knows something about reality, then he surely cannot affirm in the same breath that all of reality is unknowable. And of course if one knows nothing whatsoever about reality, then he has no basis whatsoever for making a statement about reality. It will not suffice to say that his knowledge about reality is purely and completely negative, that is, a knowledge of what one cannot meaningfully affirm that something is not – that it follows that total agnosticism is self-defeating because it assumes some knowledge about reality in order to deny any knowledge of reality (Geisler, Apologetics, p. 20).||”|
Apathetic agnosticism is not knowing if God/gods exists exist and not caring if God/gods exist.
Agnostic theism vs. agnostic atheism
Further division lies with in two kinds of agnosticism: agnostic theism and agnostic atheism.
Agnostic theists believe in a God/gods, but do not claim to know there is a god.
Agnostic atheists indicate that they do not believe in a God/gods, but do not claim to know there is not a God/gods.
See also: Agnostic beliefs
- Definitions of atheist and agnostic
- History of agnosticism
- Schools of atheist thought
- Atheist factions
- Denials that atheists exist
- Atheists doubting the validity of atheism
- Christian Apologetics By Norman L. Geisler, 2013
- Agnosticism, AllaboutPhilosophy.com