Academic Art

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Academic Art (Art Pompier) in painting and sculpture is that art produced with a polished style, using mythological, historical or oriental subjects. It is applied to those artworks influenced by the standards of, especially, the French Académie des Beaux-Arts (Academy of Fine Arts) and the 19th century Paris "Salons"; it is also called Academism, and academic painting or academic sculpture for the art and artists influenced by this standards or accepted ideal forms. A canon, traditionally accepted by Western scholars, has had the most important and influential shaping in this movement. It is associated with Neoclassical Art.

Academic Art was in fashion in Europe from the 17th to the 19th century. Those who practiced under the movements of Neoclassicism and Romanticism, were usually referred as academic artists, in the attempt to synthesize their styles. [1]

Some exponents of this artistic movement are: painters Paul Delaroche, Franz Xaver Winterhalter, Charles Gleyre, Eugene Emmanuel Amaury-Duval, Théodore Chassériau, Adolphe William Bouguereau, Gustave Boulanger, Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema, Emile Munier, Pierre-Auguste Cot, and among sculptors Jean-Pierre Cortot, Auguste Bartholdi and Emmanuel Frémiet.

Henri Gervex, Portrait Mlle Valtesse de la Bigne, 1879.
Bouguereau, The Bohemian, 1890.
Bouguereau, Penelope, 1891.
Portrait of Jeanne de Tourbay by Eugene Emmanuel Amaury-Duval, 1862.

Alma-Tadema, A Roman Art Lover.

Alma-Tadema, A Roman Art Lover.

External links

Bouguereau Pieta, 1876.

Gustave Boulanger, The Slave Market, 1886.
James Jacques Joseph Tissot, The Bunch of Lilacs, ca. 1875.