Last modified on November 30, 2023, at 15:16

American Civil War: Aftermath

American Civil War: Aftermath
Date Begun April 12, 1861
Date Ended April 9, 1865
Casualties Total: 1,032,200
Killed: 203,000
Died from other: 417,000
Wounded: 412,200
United States (Union)
34 star flag.png
President Andrew Johnson
Vice-President none
Secretary of State William Seward
Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton
Secretary of the Navy Gideon Welles
Confederate States (Confederacy)
President Jefferson Davis
captured; government collapsed May 10, 1865
Vice-President N/A
Secretary of State N/A
Secretary of War N/A
Secretary of the Navy N/A
Military Leaders
Union Confederate

For the social, political, economic and diplomatic history see American Civil War homefront

Chronology of the Civil War


March 4 Abraham Lincoln is inaugurated as President
April 12 Civil War begins when Confederates attack Fort Sumter, South Carolina
July 21 First Battle of Bull Run, Virginia, also called First Manassas


February 16 Battle at Fort Donelson, Tennessee
March 9 Naval battle between Union Monitor and Confederate Merrimac in the Atlantic Ocean. Merrimac withdraws
April 6–7 Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee
April 25 Union Admiral David G. Farragut captures New Orleans, Louisiana
May 31-June 1 Battle of Fair Oaks (Seven Pines), Virginia
June 25-July 1 Seven Day's Battles, Maryland and Virginia
September 16–17 Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg), Maryland
September 23 President Lincoln issues preliminary Emancipation Proclamation freeing slaves in South as of January 1, 1863
December 13 Battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia


January 1 President Lincoln issues Emancipation Proclamation
May 2–4 Battle of Chancellorsville, Virginia
July 1–3 Battle of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania; Union victory marks turning point in the war
July 4 Union forces win siege of Vicksburg, Mississippi
September 19–20 Battle of Chickamauga, Georgia
November 19 President Lincoln delivers Gettysburg Address to dedicate battlefield.
November 23–25 Battle of Chattanooga, Tennessee


Medical kit to cut of limbs with a gangrene infection.

During the American Civil War many soldiers had their limbs amputated via saws made for that purpose.
March 9 Gen. Grant becomes General-in-Chief of Union armies
May 5–6 Battle of the Wilderness, Virginia
May 8–12 Battle of Spotsylvania, Virginia, Court House
June 15–18 Battle of Petersburg, Virginia
July 11–12 Confederate raid under Gen. Jubal Early almost reaches Washington
July 30 Battle of the Crater, Petersburg, Virginia
August 5 Naval battle of Mobile Bay, Alabama
September 2 Gen. William T. Sherman occupies Atlanta, Georgia
November 8 Abraham Lincoln re-elected President
November 15 Sherman begins his March to the Sea
December 15–16 Battle of Nashville, Tennessee
December 21 Sherman occupies Savannah, Georgia


February 6 Gen. Robert E. Lee becomes General-in-Chief of Confederate armies
March 25 Confederate attempts to break out of Petersburg, Virginia, fails
April 2 Confederates retreat from Richmond, Virginia
April 9 Gen. Lee surrenders to Gen. Grant at Appomattox Court House
April 14 President Lincoln assassinated
May 4 Last Confederate army surrenders


The Official Records of the War of the Rebellion