Brave New World
Brave New World is a novel by British author Aldous Huxley. It is generally regarded as dystopian science fiction in which the effects of an overemphasis on mass production and consumerism are seen. In the novel, Henry Ford is worshiped as a deity, and drug taking and free love are encouraged. The last shows Huxley's insight that unfree societies tend to use sexual "freedom" to make their subjects forget that they do not enjoy true freedom. In that regard, Brave New World is a stronger and more accurate dystopian novel than Nineteen Eighty-Four, which assumes the opposite, since it is Huxley's insight that more closely matches the practices of real-world tyrannies.
However, procreation is strictly controlled by the state via genetic engineering, with all humans classified into one of five castes depending on their intelligence and labor. The majority of the plot centers around one member of the Alpha caste: Bernard Marx, who (due to an accident) is below-average in his caste, and his association with "John", member of a "Savage Reservation" outside the society (the product of an unplanned pregnancy between a high-ranking official and a woman from the society) and his desire to visit the society.
In 1999, the Modern Library ranked Brave New World fifth on its list of the 100 best English-language novels of the 20th century.
- Survivalist fiction: Dystopia
- Big government Welfare state leads to Nanny state, leads to Police state
- Liberal totalitarianism
- Nineteen Eighty-Four