Essay: The future of machismo in the 21st century

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Worship service in Center of Fait Emanuel of Assemblies of God in Cancun, Mexico. Prayers with the hands up and speaking in tongues.

One of the definitions of machismo is an "exhilarating sense of power or strength."[1]

Religious people tend to be more conservative.[2] In addition, religious people have more mental toughness (See: Atheism and mental toughness).

Question: Do conservatives have more machismo? According to the journal article about the brain differences between political conservatives, liberals and moderates entitled Functional connectivity signatures of political ideology which was published in PNAS Nexus, "conservatives tend to be more resilient and have better self-control".[3]

Ergo, religious conservatives have more machismo!

The United Nations 2019 article Latin America and the Caribbean to Reach Maximum Population Levels by 2058 reports:

Starting in 2059, diminishing population is projected for the region, mainly due to falling fertility and negative migration balances.

The slowdown in population growth, mainly due to the falling fertility rate and negative migration balances will lead Latin America and the Caribbean to reach maximum population by around 2058, with a total of 767.5 million people, according to an analysis of recent population trends in the region, carried out by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC).

As of 2059, diminishing population growth is therefore predicted for the region, in contrast to the outlook at the global level, where, although the population will decline, negative growth is not foreseen in the next 80 years.[4]

However, the Evangelical/Pentecostal Christian population of Latin America is growing rapidly due to religious conversion and their higher fertility rate. See also: Atheism and fertility rates

How much can a subpopulation grow due to its higher fertility rate?

Eric Kaufmann wrote in his academic paper Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century

Today, values play a more important role in fertility behaviour, throwing the contrast between religious pronatalism and secular low-fertility individualism into relief. Over several generations, this process can lead to significant social and political changes. Early Christianity’s exponential rise during its gestation period from 30 to 300 A.D. has been traced to its superior demography (fertility, mortality and female sex ratio), which maintained a rate of growth similar to contemporary Mormonism: 40 percent per decade. For Christians, this led to a jump from 40 converts to 6 million inside three centuries. (Stark 1996) Christianity became the religion of an empire and a continent. In the United States, conservative sects increased their share of white Protestantism from roughly a third to two-thirds during the twentieth century – largely on the back of higher fertility. On the other hand, sects like the Shakers and Cathars, which permitted entry only through conversion, rapidly faded from the scene. Demographic religious revival is a medium and long-term phenomenon, but awareness of shifting population composition can lead to political soul-searching and instability well before the full impact of demographic change takes place. This is clear in ethnically-tense societies like Israel, Northern Ireland, Bosnia, Lebanon, Cote D’Ivoire or Assam.[5]

Steve Turley wrote:

According to a recent a demographic study by University of London Professor Eric Kaufmann, there is a significant demographic deficit between secularists and conservative religionists. For example, in the U.S., while self-identified secular women averaged only 1.5 children per couple in 2002, conservative evangelical women averaged 2 to 3 children per couple, which amounts to a 28 percent fertility advantage. Now Kaufmann notices that this demographic deficit has dramatic effects over time. In a population evenly divided, these numbers indicate that conservative evangelicals would increase from 50 to 62.5 percent of the population in a single generation. In two generations, their number would increase to 73.5 percent, and over the course of 200 years, they would represent 99.4 percent.

Kaufmann noticed further that the more religiously conservative, the more children. For example, the Amish double in population every twenty years, and are projected to number over a million in the U.S. and Canada in just a few decades. We're seeing a similar trend among Mormons, who have averaged a 40 percent growth per decade, which means that by the end of the century, there will be as many as 300 million Mormons in the world, or six percent of the world's population. And note: Mormons vote overwhelmingly Republican.

Now in stark contrast to all of this, Kaufmann's data projects that secularists consistently exemplify a low fertility rate of around 1.5 percent per couple, which is significantly below the replacement level of 2.1 percent. And so he sees a steady decline of secular populations after 2030 or 2050 to potentially no more than a mere 14 to 15 percent of the American population. He notices that similar projections apply to Europe as well.[6]

In 2021, Politics Today reported: "Evangelical communities are booming across Latin America. Where only 4% of Latin Americans identified as evangelicals in the 1970s, today that number is closer to 20%."[7]

Now we know that atheists and the agnostic/New Atheist Richard Dawkins lack machismo. See: Does Richard Dawkins have machismo? and Atheism and cowardice

Given that many Evangelicals/Pentecostals are Bible believers, what does the Bible teach as far as women and men?

Please read the passages below:

“But I want you to realize that the head of every man is Christ, and the head of the woman is man, and the head of Christ is God.” - The Apostle Paul, 1 Corinthians 11:3

"For Adam was formed first, then Eve; and Adam was not deceived, but the woman was deceived and became a transgressor." - The Apostle Paul, 1 Timothy 2: 13-14

So the Latin Evangelical/Pentecostal Latin American men have mucho machismo! Olé! Olé! Olé!

No doubt that is one of the reasons why the Latin American Evangelical/Pentecostal populations are growing so rapido! They fearlessly evangelize and their family sizes are larger than the average Latin American family sizes. Olé! Olé! Olé!

The moose hunting Evangelical/Pentecostal Sarah Palin certainly has more machismo than effete, liberal men who are bossed around by their feminist wives/girlfriends with butch haircuts!

Question: Who had more machismo? The Roman pagans or the Roman Christians?

Jesus Christ and his apostles taught a gospel of love.[8] For example, the New Testament teaches that a husband is to love his wife as Christ loved the church (Ephesians 5:25).

Consider Dave Willcocks essay And the winner is... which states:

In his remarkable book The Rise of Christianity, the American sociologist of religion Rodney Stark explains how an obscure sect with just 40 converts in the year 30AD became the official religion of the Roman empire by 300. The standard answer to this question is that the emperor Constantine had a vision which led to his conversion and an embrace of Christianity. Stark demonstrates the flaws in this “great man” portrait of history. Christianity, he says, expanded at the dramatic rate of 40 per cent a decade for over two centuries, and this upsurge was only partly the result of its appeal to the wider population of Hellenistic pagans. Christian demography was just as important. Unlike the pagans, Christians cared for their sick during plagues rather than abandoning them, which sharply lowered mortality. In contrast to the “macho” ethos of pagans, Christians emphasised male fidelity and marriage, which attracted a higher percentage of female converts, who in turn raised more Christian children. Moreover, adds Stark, Christians had a higher fertility rate than pagans, yielding even greater demographic advantage” – Eric Kauffman, “Breeding For God”.[9]

See also: Christianity and hospitals and Christianity and social stability and Atheism and loneliness vs. Christian love, fellowship and joy

As you can clearly see, the Roman Christians had true machismo because they had power and wisdom from on high. As you may recall, one of the definitions of machismo is an "exhilarating sense of power or strength."[10]

Given that Evangelical/Pentecostal Christianity in Latin America is rapidly expanding – by all indications, the future of machismo is very bright.

Feminists, as much as I hate to say it, on behalf of all Bible believers with machismo, I declare total victory! Olé! Olé! Olé!

If the agnostic Richard Dawkins finally agreed to debate Dr. William Lane Craig and a scientist at Creation Ministries International instead of making pitiful excuses, would Hispanic ladies finally believe Señor Dawkins has machismo?[11] Olé! Olé! Olé!

In the United States, Hispanic women are infrequent visitors to Señor Dawkins' website. It is because he lacks machismo.

"The lack of lady presence is so visible that Conservapedia commented on it by noting that Dawkins’ website overwhelmingly attracts male visitors." - Monica Shores, Ms. Magazine[12]

For more information, please see: Does Richard Dawkins have machismo?

User:Conservative's essays


See also


  1. Machismo
  3. Functional connectivity signatures of political ideology by Seo Eun Yang, James D Wilson, Zhong-Lin Lu, Skyler Cranmer, PNAS Nexus, Volume 1, Issue 3, July 2022, pgac066,, Published: 23 May 2022
  4. Latin America and the Caribbean to Reach Maximum Population Levels by 2058
  5. Shall the Religious Inherit the Earth?: Demography and Politics in the Twenty-First Century by Eric Kaufmann, Belfer Center, Harvard University/Birkbeck College, University of London (PDF)
  6. Feminist Futility: Why the Women's March Promises a Conservative Future by Steve Turley, Christian Post
  7. The Rise of Evangelicals in Latin America: What Would Jesus Do?
  8. The Triumph of the Gospel of Love by Monk Themistocles (Adamopoulo)
  9. And the Winnner Is… by Dave Willcock
  10. Machismo
  11. Will “New Atheism” Make Room For Women by Monica Shores, Ms. Magazine