James Oliver Eastland (November 28, 1904 – February 19, 1986) was a racist Democrat from Mississippi who served in the United States Senate in 1941, and again from 1943 until his resignation on December 27, 1978. He has been called the "Voice of the White South" and the "Godfather of Mississippi Politics." A segregationist, Eastland was known as a resistance leader to racial integration, often speaking of African Americans as "an inferior race."
Eastland was a friend and mentor to Sen. Joseph Biden of Delaware and advanced his early career. Biden often sought the advice and assistance of Eastland. According to the former, Eastland called him "son" and not "boy".
- Senator James Eastland: The Mike Wallace Interview. Harry Ransom Center, The University of Texas at Austin (July 28, 1957).
- "James O. Eastland is Dead at 81; Leading Senate Foe of Integration", 20 February 1986.