Paul Cézanne

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Cézanne in 1904.
Mont Sainte-Victoire.

Paul Cézanne (Aix-en-Provence, 1839–1906, Aix-en-Provence) Post-Impressionists French painter. In 1852, Paul Cézanne entered the Collège Bourbon, where he met and befriended Émile Zola. He studied painting and drawing at the École des Beaux-Arts in Aix in 1856-1861. In Paris, in 1861 and 1862, Cézanne frequented the Louvre, and met Camille Pissarro, Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Alfred Sisley, Jean-Frédéric Bazille, Edouard Manet and Pierre-Auguste Renoir. On April 28, 1886, he married Hortense Fiquet in Aix.

Cézanne was an artist whose works broke natural forms down into geometric shapes. He produced many versions of canvases depicting Mount Sainte-Victoire, smokers, card-players and bathers, and painted still lifes and portraits. Cézanne attempted to bridge nature and art. In the latter part of his career, he used colors in short strokes or in almost mosaic patches, all of equal intensity. He is often seen as anticipating cubist and abstract art, because he reduced the imperfect forms of nature to these essential shapes. [1]

Gardanne, 1885-1886.

From 1882, Cézanne executed a substantial number of landscape pictures of his native Aix and of L'Estaque, a small fishing village near Marseille, in which he continues to concentrate on pictorial problems of creating depth. Here Cézanne used an organized system of layers to construct a series of horizontal planes, which build dimension and draw the viewer into the landscape... In Gardanne (a hill town near Aix-en-Provence where Cézanne worked from the summer of 1885 through the spring of 1886) he painted the landscape with intense volumetric patterns of geometric rhythms most pronounced in the houses. This picture anticipates the Cubism of Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso. [2]

Cezanne is one of the most liberal artists I have ever seen. He prefaces every remark with Pour moi it is so and so, but he grants that everyone may be as honest and as true to nature from their convictions; he doesn't believe that everyone should see alike. Mary Cassatt

"La couleur est le lieu où notre cerveau et l'univers se rencontrent."

Cézanne's "The Card Players" is a series of oil paintings made during his final period in the early 1890s. There are five paintings in the series. They are known as: The Card Players, 1890–92, at Barnes Foundation, Merion, Pennsylvania; The Card Players, 1890–92, at Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; The Card Players 1894-1895, the most famous, at Musée d'Orsay, Paris; The Card Players 1892-93, Private collection; and The Card Players 1892-95, Courtauld Institute of Art, London.

Paul Cezanne The Card Players.jpg

"The Card Players", 1892-1893 (the highest price ever paid for a work of art).

Cézanne is one of the most famous French artists. "Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier" is considered the most expensive still life ever sold at an auction; it was sold at Sotheby's, New York on May 10, 1999, for US$60.5 million.

Petite Gallery



See also

Modern Olympia.
Paul Alexis Reading a Manuscript to Zola, 1869-1870.
Chateau Noir, 1900/1904.

External links

Bord de la Marne, 1888.
Bread and Eggs
Le lac d'Annecy, 1896.