Last modified on April 13, 2021, at 22:49

Perfect game

A perfect game is a baseball game in which not a single batter from the losing team ever gets on base. It requires that every one of the 27 batters be retired with an out. Unlike a "no-hitter", in which batters can get on base (and even win the game) due to a walk or an error, in a perfect game no batter can get on base for any reason.

As of 2013, there have been only 23 perfect games in major league baseball history, out of hundreds of thousands of games. At least two of those games (including the only World Series perfect game) have ended on questionable calls by the home plate umpire. And although several pitchers have pitched multiple no-hitters (Great Conservative Sports Star Nolan Ryan leads with seven), no pitcher has ever pitched more than one perfect game in Major League Baseball.

Phil Humber pitched the 21st perfect game in major league baseball history in April 2012, but he threw 6 more pitches than Great Conservative Sports Star Jim Bunning did in his 90-pitch perfect game four decades ago.[1]

The first perfect game was thrown on June 12, 1880, by Lee Richmond of the Worcester Ruby Legs in a 1-0 defeat of the Cleveland Blues.[2] The most recent such game was thrown by Seattle Mariners Felix Hernandez to shut out the Tampa Bay Rays on August 15, 2012.

A perfect game is also possible in softball; on April 12, 2021 Hope Trautwein of the University of North Texas became the first NCAA Division I pitcher to throw a perfect game with all 21 outs coming by strikeout (in softball a regulation game is only seven innings).[3]

List of 23 Perfect Games[4]
Pitcher (Team) Opposing Team Score Date
Lee Richmond (Worcester Ruby Legs) Cleveland Blues 1-0 06-12-1880
Monte Ward (Providence Grays) Buffalo Bisons 5-0 06-17-1880
Cy Young (Boston Americans) Philadelphia A's 3-0 05-05-1904
Addie Joss (Cleveland Naps) Chicago White Sox 1-0 10-02-1908
Charlie Robertson (Chicago White Sox) Detroit Tigers 2-0 04-30-1922
Don Larsen (New York Yankees) Brooklyn Dodgers 2-0 10-08-1956
Jim Bunning (Philadelphia Phillies) New York Mets 6-0 06-21-1964
Sandy Koufax (Los Angeles Dodgers) Chicago Cubs 1-0 09-09-1965
Catfish Hunter (Oakland Athletics) Minnesota Twins 4-0 05-08-1968
Len Barker (Cleveland Indians) Toronto Blue Jays 3-0 05-15-1981
Mike Witt (California Angels) Texas Rangers 1-0 09-30-1984
Tom Browning (Cincinnati Reds) Los Angeles Dodgers 1-0 09-16-1988
Dennis Martinez (Montreal Expos) Los Angeles Dodgers 2-0 07-28-1991
Kenny Rogers (Texas Rangers) California Angels 4-0 07-28-1994
David Wells (New York Yankees) Minnesota Twins 4-0 05-17-1998
David Cone (New York Yankees) Montreal Expos 6-0 07-18-1999
Randy Johnson (Arizona Diamondbacks) Atlanta Braves 2-0 05-18-2004
Mark Buehrle (Chicago White Sox) Tampa Bay Rays 5-0 07-23-2009
Dallas Braden (Oakland Athletics) Tampa Bay Rays 4-0 05-09-2010
Roy Halladay (Philadelphia Phillies) Florida Marlins 1-0 05-29-2010
Philip Humber (Chicago White Sox) Seattle Mariners 4-0 04-21-2012
Matt Cain (San Francisco Giants) Houston Astros 10-0 06-13-2012
Félix Hernández (Seattle Mariners) Tampa Bay Rays 1-0 08-15-2012

See also


  2. Baseball almanac
  4. Rare Feats (English). Major League Baseball. Retrieved on May 31, 2010.
Baseball Terms
Hits BuntSingleDoubleTripleHome RunFair BallFoul BallGround Rule Double
Fouls Quick Return PitchBalkInfield Fly
Events Double HeaderForfeited GameInning
Achievements Baseball Hall of FameAll-Star GameWorld Series
Positions BatterPitcherCatcherDesignated hitterFielderInfielderOutfielderRunner
Equipment Baseball
Outs OutDouble PlayTriple PlayFielder's ChoiceFly BallForce PlayGround BallLine DriveStrikeout
Places on the Field AlleyBaseBatter's BoxDugoutFair TerritoryFoul TerritoryHome PlateInfieldOutfield
Pitches BallStrike
Achievable Events AssistRunTagPerfect game