Seventh Circuit

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The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit presides in Chicago over Illinois, Indiana and Wisconsin. It handles appeals from federal district courts in those states.

The Seventh Circuit long had several prolific judges who are former professors at the University of Chicago, where they embraced a free market economic philosophy. Judge Frank Easterbrook has also long presided on the Seventh Circuit, and is known for his colorful, sometimes acerbic writing style. Richard Posner was a longtime judge there, and Amy Coney Barrett was briefly a judge there before being nominated and confirmed to the U.S. Supreme Court.

As of July 2023, seven out of ten active judges on the Seventh Circuit are Republican nominees, including four judges nominated by President Donald Trump and confirmed by the Senate. Not all of the Republican nominees are conservative, however, and there is a vacancy likely to be filled by President Biden in addition to the three judges he has placed on that court already.