Stepan Bandera (January 1, 1909 - October 15, 1959) was a controversial Ukrainian nationalist. He was the head of a rebel army, called Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists (OUN), that fought the Red Army. The OUN fought sometimes alongside and sometimes against the Germans during the Second World War. After Bandera wanted to create an independet Ukrainian state, he was sent to a concentration camp in 1941. The OUN persecuted Jews, Russians and Poles. After the war Bandera lived under a false name in Munich, Germany, where he was killed by a KGB-agent in 1959.
Stepan Bandera was honored by the Ukrainian president Viktor Yushchenko as "Hero of the Ukraine" in 2010. The next president Viktor Yanukovych withdrawed the honor. Today there are many monuments in Western Ukraine honoring him.