Charles Hopkinson

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Portrait of William Perry, Thomas Shaw and Andrew Hepburn.

Charles Sydney Hopkinson (July 27, 1869 - October, 1962) was an American portrait painter and landscape watercolorist. He maintained a studio in the Fenway Studios building in Boston from 1906 to 1962. He painted over 800 portraits in a direct style with a palette gradually lightening through his career.

Many of his paintings were commissioned by East Coast institutions, especially Harvard University, where he acted as house portraitist. Among his sitters were Oliver Wendell Holmes, Calvin Coolidge, and John Masefield.

He began to draw for the Harvard Lampoon upon his entrance to Harvard in 1888, and in 1891, he moved to New York to study at the Art Students' League where he worked with John Twachtman and H. Siddons Mowbray.

Hopkinson studied at the Academie Julian in Paris with Edmond Aman-Jean, traveled to Brittany, and exhibited in the 1895 Paris Salon. In the late 1890s he worked in Cambridge, Massachusetts and showed his paintings in New York at the Society of American Artists and also in Boston.

He returned to Europe in 1901, where he visited Spain to study the painting of Diego Velazquez and El Greco and traveled through Brittany, and Holland to see portraits by his "heroes", Frans Hals and Rembrandt.

Hopkinson then began a lucrative career as a portrait painter in Cambridge, his first commission being a baby portrait in 1896 of poet E. E. Cummings, a work that is in the Massachusetts Historical Society.

Adopting the color theories of his former neighbor Denman Ross, who had become a prominent collector and a teacher at Harvard, Hopkinson later used the results of Carl Cutler's experiments with a spinning disk to study the color spectrum.

He exhibited regularly in the national annuals and at several Boston and New York galleries. His watercolors were described as "modern" in the press and he exhibited three oils in the 1913 Armory Show. Instead of allying himself with the local established painters, Hopkinson showed his work with the "Boston Five," a group of young watercolorists though he continued to paint in oil for an elite clientèle.

In 1919 the National Art Commission selected him to paint some of the participants of the Peace Conference at Versailles, France.

In the mid-twenties, Hopkinson took on a young Boston painter Pietro Pezzati as his assistant, who worked with him at his Fenway studio. Hopkinson would pass on his studio to Pezzati when he died in October 1962, in Massachusetts.