Eugene Millikin

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Eugene D. Millikin
Eugene Millikin.jpg
Former U.S. Senator from Colorado
From: December 20, 1941 – January 3, 1957
Predecessor Alva B. Adams
Successor John A. Carroll
Information
Party Republican
Spouse(s) Delia Alsena Shepard
Military Service
Allegiance United States
Service/branch National Guard
Rank Lieutenant Colonel
Battles/wars World War I

Eugene Donald Millikin (February 12, 1891 – July 26, 1958) was a Republican from Colorado who served in the United States Senate during the 1940s and 50s. According to The New York Times, he was part of the conservative wing of his party.[1] Millikin served as the chair of the Republican Policy Committee[2] from 1947–57.

Early life and career

Millikin was born on February 12, 1891 in Hamilton, Ohio. He attended local public schools and then the University of Colorado, graduating in 1913 from law school. During World War I, he enlisted in the Colorado National Guard and was discharged with the rank of Lieutenant Colonel.

U.S. Senate

After the death of incumbent senator Alva B. Adams, Millikin was appointed to the seat by Governor Ralph Lawrence Carr, a fellow conservative Republican who opposed the New Deal and the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II. He won a special election in 1942 to serve the remainder of Adams' term, defeating Democrat opponent James A. Marsh by fourteen points.[3] Millikin won re-election two years later for a full Senate term.[4]

During the presidency of Harry Truman, Millikin supported voluntary FEPC legislation sponsored by Robert A. Taft[5] and opposed an attempt by liberal segregationist Richard Russell, Jr. to undermine Truman's military desegregation efforts.[6][7] An adamant conservative who had an MC-Index of 94%[note 1] in the 81st Congress,[7] he was one of only twenty-two Republicans who voted against the Senate censure of Joseph McCarthy,[8] his Wisconsin colleague who investigated and exposed communist infiltration of the State Department and the United States Army.

Sen. Millikin was challenged by Democrat John Carroll in the 1950 elections[9] and won by 6.5 percentage points.[10]

Millikin did not run for re-election in 1956[11] and was succeeded by Carroll.[12] He missed 4% of all roll call votes during his Senate tenure.[13] Millikin died two years later at the age of 67[1] and is interred at Fairmount Cemetery.

See also

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 EUGENE MILLIKIN, EX-SENATOR, DIES; Colorado Republican From Conservative Wing Served From 1941 to 1956. The New York Times. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  2. States in the Senate | Colorado. United States Senate. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  3. CO US Senate. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  4. CO US Senate. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  5. S 1728. PROHIBIT DISCRIMINATION IN EMPLOYMENT BECAUSE OF RACE, COLOR, RELIGION OR NATIONAL ORIGIN. MOTION FOR CLOTURE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  6. HR 6826. EXTENSION OF SELECTIVE SERVICE MANPOWER REGISTRA- TION ACT. AMEND. TO ELIMINATE A COMMITTEE AMEND. WHICH WOULD GIVE OPTION TO ENLISTEE TO SERVE IN A UNIT, THE PER- SONNEL OF WHICH ARE OF HIS OWN RACE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  7. 7.0 7.1 FascinatingPolitics (January 6, 2019). Ideology and Civil Rights, 1950 Edition. Mad Politics: The Bizarre, Fascinating, and Unknown of American Political History. Retrieved June 15, 2021.
  8. S. RES. 301. PASSAGE.. GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  9. JOHN CARROLL OF DENVER DIES; SERVED IN HOUSE AND SENATE. The New York Times. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  10. CO US Senate. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  11. Millikin Bows Out. The New York Times. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  12. CO US Senate. Our Campaigns. Retrieved April 25, 2021.
  13. Sen. Eugene Millikin. GovTrack.us. Retrieved April 25, 2021.

Notes

  1. Fascinating Politics uses a "Mike's Conservative Index" to rank politicians based on their voting record; 0% means completely liberal while 100% means entirely conservative.

External links