Jacques Cartier

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Jacques Cartier (1491-1557) was a French mariner whose exploration of the North American coast laid the foundation for later French claims to Canada. He attempted to find the Northwest Passage in order to sail to China.

When Jacques Cartier reached North America, he sailed past the southern tip of Newfoundland, where he discovered the Gulf of Saint Lawrence. During his explorations, Cartier traded with the many American Indians he met. Cartier also claimed land for the French. Jacques Cartier's exploration gave France a piece of Canada and his explorations opened the way for trade between the Indians and the French.

Also, Jacques Cartier is a city in Quebec. Jacques Cartier merged with the city of Longueuil in 1961. The Jacques Cartier bridge connects Montreal to Longueuil.