Minsk Accords

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The Minsk Accords were negotiated between the two Donbas Republics and the Kyiv regime in 2015 in the Belarusian capital of Minsk Also known as the Minsk Agreements. The Agreements were negotiated with the help of France and Germany. Moscow backed the Minsk Agreements which Kyiv also agreed to, and the United Nations Security Council endorsed the agreements as well. The Minsk Agreements would give autonomy to the two provinces while remaining part of Ukraine. However the Ukraine regime did nothing to further implement the agreements after 2015, and only a ceasefire for the use of heavy weapons (tanks and artillery) remained in place.

The Minsk Agreements established a 12-point roadmap to ensure an immediate bilateral ceasefire; carry out decentralization of power, allowing temp orary local self-government in areas of Donetsk and Luhansk in eastern Ukraine under a "special status" law; immediately free all hostages and illegally detained persons; ensure monitoring on the Ukrainian-Russian border and a security zone; ensure the holding of snap local elections in Donetsk and Luhansk; remove illegal armed groups, military hardware, and all fighters and mercenaries from Ukrainian territory; pass a law against the prosecution and punishment of people over certain events in Donetsk and Luhansk region.[1]

The agreement was drawn-up by the Trilateral Contact Group on Ukraine, which consisted of representatives from Ukraine, Russia, and the OSCE.[2] with mediation by the leaders of France and Germany.[3] The agreement aimed to implement an immediate ceasefire. It failed to stop fighting in Donbas,[4] and was followed with a new package of measures, called Minsk II, which was signed on February 12, 2015.[5]

The Joint Centre for Control and Coordination (JCCC) was established on September 26, 2014.[6] to help implement the Minsk ceasefire agreements and ensure the safety of OSCE monitors in the Donbas war.[7] It consists of Ukrainian and Russian military officers. In April 2015, Ukrainian and Russian representatives began to keep separate logs of ceasefire violations.[8] The Russian members left Ukraine in December 2017.

A meeting between representatives of the four countries, France, Germany, Russia and Ukraine was held in Paris on January 26, 2022 in the context of the Russia Ukraine conflict 2022.[9][10] The representatives of the four governments confirmed their support for Minsk II and committed themselves to resolving existing disagreements. They supported an unconditional ceasefire.[11] However, the Biden regime, which was not a party to the talks, continued to prod Ukraine to war with Russia with promises of economic aid,[12] arms, and by instigating conflict in the Donbas through extensive use of propaganda, psyops, and fake news in Western allied media.[13]

In June 2022 former President Petro Poroshenko, in an interview with Radio Liberty, admitted that he had signed the Minsk agreements, but had no intention to fulfill them. He noted that he wanted to buy time in order to get more weapons from the West.[14]

References

  1. https://archive.fo/owxxq
  2. Press statement by the Trilateral Contact Group, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, 2 September 2014
  3. https://www.csis.org/analysis/impact-normandy-format-conflict-ukraine-four-leaders-three-cease-fires-and-two-summits
  4. Ukraine rebels vow to take back cities, 23 October 2014
  5. "Ukraine crisis: Leaders agree peace roadmap", BBC News, 12 February 2015. 
  6. https://www.rosbalt.ru/ukraina/2014/09/26/1320267.html
  7. https://web.archive.org/web/20150201022251/http://www.novayagazeta.ru/politics/67071.html
  8. Спільні журнали порушень припинення вогню у Спільному центрі контролю більше не ведуться, - ОБСЄ, час публікації: 24 квітня 2015
  9. https://web.archive.org/web/20220124122214/https://www.reuters.com/world/political-advisers-hold-four-way-talks-ukraine-paris-2022-01-22/
  10. https://web.archive.org/web/20220125205354/https://www.dw.com/en/scholz-macron-say-diplomacy-can-fix-ukraine-russia-standoff/a-60549166
  11. https://web.archive.org/web/20220127023902/https://www.elysee.fr/en/emmanuel-macron/2022/01/26/declaration-of-the-advisors-to-the-n4-heads-of-states-and-governments
  12. https://www.washingtonexaminer.com/policy/foreign/us-offers-ukraine-1-billion-to-stabilize-economy-intends-to-make-billions-more-available
  13. https://therightscoop.com/ap-reporter-goes-rounds-with-state-dept-spox-in-absolutely-ridiculous-exchange/
  14. https://tfiglobalnews.com/2022/06/20/ukraines-new-masterstroke-against-russia-is-actually-ukraines-biggest-pro-russia-move/