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Ownership is the separation - according to the USDA terminology - "of federal and nonfederal lands and the distinction between administrative units of land. Water areas are not classified according to ownership. The six categories of ownership are:

  1. Private. A type of ownership pertaining to land belonging to an individual person or persons, a partnership, or a corporation (all of which are persons in the legal sense), as opposed to the public or the government; private property.
  2. Municipal. A type of ownership pertaining to land belonging to the local government of a town or city.
  3. County or parish. A type of ownership pertaining to land belonging to an administrative subdivision of a state in the United States, which is identified as a county or an equivalent administrative unit in areas where counties do not exist; examples are parishes in Louisiana and boroughs in Alaska.
  4. State. A type of ownership pertaining to land belonging to one of the states, commonwealths, or territories of the United States of America.
  5. Federal land. A land ownership category designating land that is owned by the federal government. It does not include, for example, trust lands administered by the Bureau of Indian Affairs or Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) land. No data are collected for any year that land is in this ownership.
  6. Indian tribal and individual Indian trust lands. A type of ownership of land administered by officially constituted Indian tribal or individual Indian trust entities. "[1]


  1. List of USDA terminology

United States Department of Agriculture Terms

Aerial photograph; Artificial and modified surfaces; Barren; Barren land; Beach; Census water; Climatic factor; Close-grown crops; Conservation practice; Conservation Reserve Program; Conservation Reserve Program land; Cover and management factor; Cowardin system; Cropland; Cropping history; Deepwater habitat; Developed land; Erodibility index; Erosion (USDA); Estuarine Wetland; Farmsteads and ranch headquarters; Field; Forest land; General cover; Growing season; Habitat composition; Habitat configuration; Habitat patch; Hayland; Herbaceous; Horticultural cropland; Irrigated land; Lacustrine System; Lake (land type); Land capability classification; Land cover/use; Large streams; Large urban and built-up areas; Large water bodies; Marine System; Marshland; Mines, quarries, and pits; Minor land cover/uses; Mud flat; Open canopy short woody plants; Open canopy tall woody plants; Other aquatic habitats; Other rural land; Ownership; Palustrine Wetland; Pastureland; Perennial stream; Personal Digital Assistant ; Photographic interpretation; Practice factor; Primary sample unit; Prime farmland; Railroads; Rainfall and runoff; Rangeland; Remote sensing; Reservoir (land type); Ridge roughness; Riverine System; Riverwash; Row crops; Rural transportation land; Saline deposits; Salt flats; Sample point; Sand dunes; Sheet and rill erosion; Short woody plants; Silviculture; Slope (land type); Slope length; Slope-length factor; Slope-steepness factor ; Small built-up areas; Small streams; Small water bodies; Soil erodibility factor; Soil erodibility index; Soil loss tolerance factor ; Soil survey; Stream (land type); Tall woody plants; Universal soil loss equation; Unsheltered distance; Uplands (land type); Urban and built-up areas; Vegetative cover; Water (land type); Water areas; Water body; Water spreading; Wetlands (land type); Wetland losses; Wind erodibility group; Wind erosion; Wind erosion equation;