Conservative vs. liberal

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Russell Kirk was an American political theorist, conservative intellectual, historian of ideas, social critic, and man of letters, who is best known for his role in the American conservative movement.

Numerous differences exist between conservatives and liberals. This article compares the two ideologies.

Liberalism and conservatism are two opposing ideologies of two different words, one of which is much smoother with its "-ism" suffix. While there are no definitive or official texts for either, it is usually believed that liberalism connotes the belief that new is always better than old and that history is irrelevant to the present, while conservatism states just the opposite.[1] It could also be described that liberalism is the force of change, and conservatism is the force of preservation.[2] However, in a society in which very much change is the spread of perverted beliefs, diminishing morals, and deceptive indoctrination, it can be that liberalism is the belief which supports such things, and conservatism that which seeks to keep peace and righteousness, even if that does become the change that occurs.[3]

Both sides, as ideologies, enjoy claiming to be the force of reason.

In American politics, parties are often generalized as supporting one cause or the other, and labeled as red or blue. The two ideologies are also made linear by the use of the terms "left" and "right." This is illustrated by the chart below.

liberal conservative
left right
Democrat Republican
blue red

Conservatism

See also: Conservative

Conservatives often wished to be defined as something other than the opposition to the more visible force of liberalism, not to be the background on which it occurs. If conservatism were to define itself as an ideology, it would likely be related to certain more defined ones, such as the Judeo-Christian doctrine expounded in the Bible, the idea of classical liberalism as supported by Socrates and Plato but not Aristotle, and the principles of such men as the modern conservatives Edmund Burke, William F. Buckley, Jr., or the scholarly Christian ancients St. Augustine and Thomas Aquinas.[4] Other notable American conservatives include Donald Trump, Clarence Thomas, Phyllis Schlafly, Larry McDonald, Patrick Buchanan, Steve King, Tucker Carlson, and Ann Coulter. Conservatives outside the U.S. include Nigel Farage, Matteo Salvini, and Jair Bolsonaro.

Conservative values

See also: Conservative values

Conservatives support the nation-state and national sovereignty as important principles, along with strong immigration laws. They support constitutional originalism and textualism and oppose judicial activism. They generally support the encouragement of Christian and patriotic values in the United States, capitalism and the free market, and the right to bear arms. Conservatives typically believe that the only couples that can bear children are those of a man and a woman, and that thus the union between them is sacred.[5] To conservatives, who reject junk science, gender in humans is determined by the presence or lack of a Y-chromosome.[6][7]

Liberalism

See also: Liberalism and Liberal
Barack Hussein Obama was one of the most liberal presidents in the U.S. history.

Liberalism, if it is all the ideology that supports change, has no consistent ideals throughout history, but this does not bother it, as it generally ignores history. Identifying its particulars cannot be done based on the literal meaning of the word, "the belief in freedom," because in the present context, liberals often suppress freedom of speech, freedom of the Second Amendment, and in the case of recent judicial activism, the freedom to use executive powers granted by the Constitution and to fulfill one's duty to protect one's country. While the drafters of the Constitution are often regarded as liberals, as they were in support of change and freedom, their ideology is often in conflict with the liberals of today.

Liberal values

See also: Liberal values

In a present context, the liberal, or left-wing, stance on current issues is as follows:

Conservative vs. liberal birth rates

See also: Religious conservatism and politics and Culture war and Religious right and Desecularization

Religious conservatism is a big driver of social conservatism. Religious conservatism is growing in the world and it is affecting politics (see: Religious conservatism and politics).

An unborn child in the womb. Liberals believe that the unborn child has no right to life.

The Birkbeck College, University of London professor Eric Kaufmann wrote in his 2010 book Shall the Righteous Inherit the Earth? concerning the United States:

High evangelical fertility rates more than compensated for losses to liberal Protestant sects during the twentieth century. In recent decades, white secularism has surged, but Latino and Asian religious immigration has taken up the slack, keeping secularism at bay. Across denominations, the fertility advantage of religious fundamentalists of all colours is significant and growing. After 2020, their demographic weight will begin to tip the balance in the culture wars towards the conservative side, ramping up pressure on hot-button issues such as abortion. By the end of the century, three quarters of America may be pro-life. Their activism will leap over the borders of the 'Redeemer Nation' to evangelize the world. Already, the rise of the World Congress of Families has launched a global religious right, its arms stretching across the bloody lines of the War on Terror to embrace the entire Abrahamic family.[8]

At a conference, Kaufmann said of religious demographic projections concerning the 21st century, "Religious fundamentalism is going to be on the increase in the future and not just out there in the developing world..., but in the developed world as well."[9]

A Muslim interviewed by a British journalist said she thought homosexuals "are a lost cause".[10]

See also

References

  1. "Liberalism." Encyclopædia Britannica, 17th edition.
  2. The American Collegiate Dictionary. Merriam-Webster, 1959.
  3. Buckley, William F. Up From Liberalism. William F. Buckley, Jr. is often considered a leading conservative authority.
  4. "Liberalism." The Great Conversation. Great Books of the Western World, 2. Britannica.
  5. Walsh, Matt. "Yes, Gay Marriage Hurts Me Personally." Warning: contains harsh expletives in quoting an attack by a liberal. http://www.theblaze.com/contributions/yes-gay-marriage-hurts-me-personally/.
  6. "MasteringBiology." Pearson.
  7. "Genetics 101: All About DNA." http://www.pbs.org/weta/finding-your-roots/blog/genetics-101-all-about-dna/
  8. Why is the year 2020 a key year for Christian creationists and pro-lifers?
  9. Eric Kaufmann - Religion, Demography and Politics in the 21st Century
  10. 'Gays are a Lost Cause' Says Moderate Muslim